- News release – Royal Assent of Bill C-21 strengthens border management
- Backgrounder – Entry/Exit initiative
- Privacy Impact Assessments Phase II
- Annex for Phase II
- Info Source Personal Information Bank # CBSA PPU 1202
About this initiative
With the coming into force of Bill C-21, Canada now has the authority to collect basic biographic information on all Canadians who leave the country by land and by air. This information will be used to establish complete travel history information, comprised of both entry and exit records, for all travellers, and enable the CBSA and federal partners to strengthen the integrity of Canada's border, immigration, citizenship and social benefit programs, while respecting Canadians’ privacy and ensuring the effective protection of their personal information.
At land ports of entry, Canada will receive biographic information from the United States (U.S.) on all travellers who enter the U.S., thereby creating a Canadian exit record. In the air mode, Canada will collect exit information through electronic passenger manifests received directly from air carriers. Exit information collected in the air mode will not be shared with the U.S.
Note: Regulatory changes are required before the full implementation of this initiative.
Protecting the privacy of personal information
Both Canada and the U.S. are committed to safeguarding the privacy of personal information. The process of collecting and sharing personal information under the Entry/Exit initiative has been, and will continue to be done, in accordance with each country's privacy laws and policies.
In 2011, Canada and the United States (U.S.) committed to establishing a coordinated entry-exit information system. This system permits sharing information so that the record of a land entry into one country can be used to establish an exit record from the other.
From September 30, 2012 to January 15, 2013, both countries tested their capacity to exchange and reconcile biographic entry information of third-country nationals (non U.S. or Canadian citizens), permanent residents of Canada who are not U.S. citizens and lawful permanent residents of the U.S. who are not Canadian citizens at four land ports of entry in British Columbia/Washington State and Ontario/New York.
A joint report on the findings was released on May 13, 2013 and validated the initiative's concept: that a traveller's record of entry in one country can serve as a record of exit from the other.
On February 13, 2017, Prime Minister Trudeau and President Trump reaffirmed the commitment to a coordinated entry-exit information system and pledged to build upon the process already in place.
Currently, Canada and the U.S. exchange biographic entry information on third-country nationals (non U.S. or Canadian citizens), permanent residents of Canada who are not U.S. citizens and lawful permanent residents of the U.S. who are not Canadian citizens at land ports of entry. Canada also shares with the U.S. biographic entry information on U.S. citizens and nationals who enter Canada.
A Memorandum of Understanding between the CBSA and DHS/CBP sets out the parameters for sharing biographic information on U.S. Citizens and Nationals who enter Canada at land ports of entry. Both countries currently securely share, on average, entry records of approximately 60,000 travellers daily, with no impact on the traveller experience.
On Thursday, December 13, Bill C-21, An Act to amend the Customs Act, received Royal Assent giving authority to the CBSA to systematically collect exit biographic information from travellers who leave the country by land and air.
Stakeholder consultation will be undertaken as part of the regulatory development process to ensure Canadians and industry stakeholders have the opportunity to submit their views and comments on the proposed regulations following the pre-publication of the regulations in Part I of the Canada Gazette and by announcement on the Consulting with Canadians website.
For more information on the initiative in general, or to send your feedback or questions, please contact us at: firstname.lastname@example.org.
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