Entry and exit information

Canada collects basic biographic information on travellers who enter and leave the country by land to ensure complete travel history information is available, thereby strengthening the management of our border.

Biographic entry information is routinely collected directly from all travellers entering Canada upon presentation to a CBSA officer at a port of entry as part of the primary inspection process. Canada also collects exit information in the land mode. Canada receives biographic entry information from the United States (U.S.) on all travellers who enter the U.S. through a land border crossing, thereby enabling the creation of a Canadian exit record.

Regulatory amendments for the air mode are expected to come into force in Summer 2020. Once fully implemented in the air mode, Canada will collect basic exit information directly from air carriers through passenger manifests. Exit information collected in the air mode will not be shared with the U.S.

The collection of exit information enhances the CBSA’s ability to manage border security by closing the loop on an individual's travel history. This allows the CBSA to focus efforts and resources towards unknown or higher risk travellers.

The collection and exchange of basic biographic information is seamless to the traveller and does not impact the traveller experience.

What information is collected?

Biographic entry information (land mode)

Entry information includes biographic information such as:

In addition to the biographic information that Canada and the U.S. currently collect on travellers at ports of entry, the date and time of entry, as well as the port through which the traveller entered is collected by each country, and are exchanged to create exit records.

Exit information

Exit information includes biographic elements such as:

In the land mode, information collected includes the date and time of exit, as well as the port through which the traveller exited the country. In the future, in the air mode, the date, time, and location of departure as well as flight information will be collected from air carriers for passengers leaving Canada on outbound international flights.

How data is used

Privacy safeguards and information sharing to better protect Canadians

The collection of exit information is limited by law to basic biographic information that is already routinely collected from all travellers entering Canada.

The Government of Canada is committed to keeping Canadians safe while protecting individual rights and freedoms, and has built privacy protections into the core of Entry/Exit information sharing.

Exit information is collected, used and disclosed in accordance with Canadian law, including the Privacy Act, the Customs Act and the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.

The CBSA and U.S. Customs and Border Protection have signed an information sharing memorandum of understanding, which includes safeguards and protections on the sharing of biographic entry data. Information sharing arrangements will also be put in place between the CBSA and its federal partners before any exit information is shared with them.

Data use by the CBSA

Entry/Exit information is used by the CBSA to establish reliable and accurate travel history information on all travellers. This enables the Agency to better administer and enforce Canada’s immigration and customs laws where a traveller’s presence or absence from Canada is relevant and necessary to:

  • Identify individuals who do not leave Canada at the end of their period of authorized stay;
  • Focus immigration enforcement activities on persons believed to still be in Canada; and
  • Respond to the departure, or intended departure, of high risk persons or goods who may pose a risk to the national security or public safety of Canada.

Data use by federal partners

Entry/Exit information collected by the CBSA will be disclosed in accordance with legislative authorities to:

  • Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) for the administration and enforcement of immigration and citizenship programs;
  • the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) and the Canadian Security Intelligence Service (CSIS) for law enforcement purposes;
  • Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC) for the administration of the Employment Insurance and Old Age Security programs; and
  • the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) for the administration of Canada’s child and family benefit programs.

Data use by the United States (U.S.)

  • Canadian entry data is shared with the U.S. to create an exit record.
  • A U.S. exit record is used by the U.S. to manage its border; verify the travel date; or for any other lawful purpose consistent with its domestic law.

Request your data

You can see what data the CBSA has collected by requesting your personal Travel History Report.

Related links

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