Ottawa, May 10, 2012
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This memorandum replaces Memorandum D17-1-4 dated September 19, 2008. The following changes have been made:
- 1. Guidelines for the use of Form A48, R.M.D. Correction (Release on Minimal Documentation) can be found in paragraphs 50-61.
- 2. Paragraphs 11 and 12 "After Hours Procedures" have been removed and are now included under paragraph 45 and 46.
- 3. References to Group of Seven Industrialized Nations (G7), Electronic Release on Full Documentation (RFD) and Electronic Pre-Arrival on Full Documentation (PAFD) as options for release have been removed.
- 4. Exceptions to Electronic Data Interchange (EDI); paragraph 41 and Appendix C have been modified to include:
- (b) phased in time lines for mandatory EDI in preparation for eManifest end-state;
- (j) Regulated goods qualifying for tariff classification 9813 or 9814 ("Canadian Goods Returning"); and
- (k) Release request is submitted to a non-automated Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) office.
- 5. Phased-in time frame to increase the number of lines requiring a 10-digit Harmonized System (HS) code at time of interim accounting has been added to paragraph 43(8)(i).
- 6. New information regarding Low Value Shipments (LVS) valued at $1600 or less and mandatory HS codes has been added to paragraph 43(8)(vi).
- 7. Release processing of "hand-carried goods" (HCG) has been added to paragraphs 110 and 111.
- 8. Release processing of HCG for Customs Self Assessment (CSA) importers has been added to paragraphs 117 to 120.
- 9. The reference to Customs Notice 11-004 in Appendix C (Exceptions to EDI lead sheet) has been removed.
This memorandum outlines and explains the terms and conditions for the release of commercial goods from the Canada Border Services Agency.
Table of Contents
- Guidelines and General Information
- Business Number (BN)
- Other Government Department (OGD) and Agencies' Requirements
- Hours of Release – Regular Office Hours
- Inland Alternate Service (IAS)
- Customs Brokers
- CBSA Offices With No Licensed Customs Brokers
- Release Procedures
- Low Value Commercial Goods
- Postal Importation
- Temporary Importation
- Form C6, Permission for Special Purposes
- Accounting and Payment at Time of Release
- Release Prior to Payment
- Release on Minimum Documentation (RMD)
- After Hours Procedures
- Customs Automated Data Exchange (CADEX)
- Changes and Corrections to RMD After Release but Prior to Final Accounting
- Pre-arrival Review System (PARS)
- Multiple PARS for Less Than Truckload Carriers (LTL)
- Short-shipped Goods
- Split Shipments – Air Mode
- Release Processing of "Hand-Carried Goods" (HCG)
- Customs Self-Assessment (CSA)
- Release Processing of "Hand-Carried Goods" CSA Importer Shipments
- Additional Information
- Appendix A – Form Y50, Reject Document Control
- Appendix B – Mode Specific Time Frames for the Release of Goods
- Appendix C – Exception Lead Sheet
- Appendix D – Release Information Sheet
- Appendix E – Sample of a PARS Lead Sheet
- Appendix F – PARS Consist Sheet and Stack Manifest
Importers who want to obtain release of commercial goods must account for them as described in sections 32 and 33 of the Customs Act.
Guidelines and General Information
1. Importers and customs brokers can obtain release of commercial goods from the CBSA by:
- (a) presenting a properly completed accounting document, Form B3-3, which accounts for the duties owing on the goods; or
- (b) transmitting an interim accounting RMD, when appropriate security for the release of goods has been posted, before payment of duties:
- RMD information must be transmitted electronically using Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) to the CBSA. Please refer to paragraph 41 for a list of exceptions to this requirement.
Business Number (BN)
2. Importers or customs brokers must obtain a BN with an importer account before a shipment arrives at the point of entry. More information on the BN can be found in Memorandum D17-1-5, Registration, Accounting and Payment for Commercial Goods, Section 4 – Business Number Registration.
Other Government Department (OGD) and Agencies' Requirements
3. The CBSA and OGD or agencies may require certificates, licences, permits, authorizations or other documentation for imported goods, depending on the commodity. Many of these documents must be provided to the CBSA before goods can be released.
4. Permits issued by the department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada (DFAIT) can be transmitted electronically from the Export Import Controls System (EICS) to the Accelerated Commercial Release Operations Support System (ACROSS). Further information can be found in Memorandum D19-10-2, Export and Import Permits Act (Importations).
5. The CBSA monitors all release and accounting documents for quality. Importers and customs brokers must comply with the statutory or regulatory provisions on release documents (interim accounting) to the same extent as at final accounting.
6. Information is verified at the time of release from CBSA to ensure it meets government requirements. Incorrect or incomplete release documents will be returned for correction with a Form Y50, Reject Document Control (see Appendix A), indicating the reasons for rejection. For release information provided through EDI, the CBSA will transmit this form to the importer or customs broker electronically. The goods rejected on a Y50 will not be released until the CBSA receives the corrected documents or data.
7. The CBSA wants to facilitate the release of goods whenever possible and will not delay release requests due to minor errors in the paperwork. CBSA may release the shipment and issue a "reject document", if the error is not relevant to the release decision. However, the border services officer retains the right to ask for information to ensure the goods comply with legislation.
8. Voluntary disclosure of errors to the CBSA by importers or customs brokers is encouraged at all times. Such disclosure will not result in the imposition of penalties or sanctions, unless it can be clearly established that the disclosure was motivated by the likelihood of imminent detection and a desire to avoid the legal consequences of detection.
Hours of Release – Regular Office Hours
9. The CBSA will process release requests and examine shipments during authorized hours of commercial service. You may access the CBSA business hours at CBSA offices across Canada and/or the directory of CBSA offices by visiting the CBSA Web site at www.cbsa.gc.ca. If the release is requested outside the authorized service hours, special service charges may apply. Memorandum D1-2-1, Special Services, contains additional information concerning service hours and special service charges.
10. Release requests may be transmitted electronically 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
Inland Alternate Service (IAS)
11. Under the IAS program, a number of small, designated CBSA service sites no longer have a physical CBSA presence. Commercial services for these de-staffed offices are provided by larger offices, referred to as "hubs." Local importers and customs brokers provide documentation to the CBSA for processing at the hub by mail, courier, facsimile, or EDI. The hub is responsible for processing release requests and examining shipments where required.
12. Importers at an IAS site should contact the hub office, as indicated in the directory of CBSA offices, located at www.cbsa.gc.ca, for more information.
13. The CBSA licenses customs brokers to carry out CBSA-related responsibilities on behalf of their clients. Customs brokers are not government employees and importers must pay a fee for their services.
14. Importers must provide the customs broker with written authorization to act as their agents. Importers may authorize a licensed customs broker to conduct the following CBSA business on their behalf:
- (a) register for a BN;
- (b) obtain necessary information, certificates, licences, permits, authorizations, etc., for the release of goods;
- (c) prepare and submit release and accounting transactions;
- (d) pay applicable duties and taxes to the Receiver General;
- (e) respond to any CBSA concerns;
- (f) request corrections and refunds to accounting documents; and
- (g) maintain records.
15. Although importers may use the service of a customs broker to transact business with the CBSA, they are ultimately responsible for documentation, payment of duties and taxes, and subsequent corrections such as re-determination of classification, origin and value.
CBSA Offices With No Licensed Customs Brokers
16. Importers or customs brokers may send release and final accounting documents by mail or courier to a CBSA office where there are no licensed customs brokers.
17. When security for release of goods has not been posted before payment, importers or customs brokers must first present final accounting documents to their local CBSA office. The CBSA will review the documents to ensure that the required documentation is attached and the duties and taxes have been calculated correctly. Exact funds to cover the duties and taxes payable must be submitted to the CBSA office of release along with the final accounting documents.
18. When security for release of goods has been posted before payment, the release package and final accounting documents can be sent to the CBSA office where release will be made. An importer or customs broker contact name is to be included with the documentation. Payment must be made within the applicable time frames.
Low Value Commercial Goods
19. Memorandum D17-1-2, Reporting and Accounting for Low Value Commercial Goods (under CAN$1,600) and D8-2-16, Courier Imports Remission outline the requirements for the release of commercial goods valued at less than CAN$1,600.
20. Memorandum D5-1-1, Canada Border Services Agency International Mail Processing System, outlines the documentation requirements for the release of commercial goods sent through the postal system.
21. Memoranda D8-1-4, Form E29B, Temporary Admission Permit, and D8-1-7, Use of A.T.A. Carnets and Canada/China-Taiwan Carnets for the Temporary Admission of Goods, outline the documentation requirements for goods temporarily imported into Canada.
22. RMD procedures may also be used for temporary importation in the following situations:
- (a) when Goods and Services Tax (GST) is relieved. The E29B posting security for the customs duties that would otherwise be owing must be presented with the RMD package; and
- (b) when GST is relieved on a proportionate duty (1/60 or 1/120) basis.
Form C6, Permission for Special Purposes
23. The Regional Director General of CBSA may authorize a Form C6 in certain cases, such as to allow an importer or customs broker to open a parcel in a warehouse to get documents that are needed to release goods. However, in the case of release of goods before payment of duties, Form C6 can be used only under the following circumstances:
- (a) to allow raw leaf tobacco to be delivered directly to a licensed packer or licensed manufacturer to determine the standard weight prior to preparation of the final accounting;
- (b) to allow imported spirits to be delivered directly to a distillery to determine the quantity and strength prior to preparation of the final accounting; or
- (c) to allow release of imported bulk cargoes, which have to be weighed or gauged prior to preparation of the final accounting documentation.
24. The importer or customs broker should state on the form why permission is required before submitting it to the local CBSA office.
Accounting and Payment at Time of Release
25. Clients accounting for and paying duties on the shipment at the time of release must provide hard copy (paper) documentation to the CBSA. Requirements for the completion of the various release documents can be found in Memorandum D17-1-10, Coding of Customs Accounting Documents.
Form B3-3, Canada Customs Coding Form, Type C
26. To account for and pay the duties and taxes on a shipment at the time of release, the importer or customs broker must use Form B3-3, type C. A sample of Form B3-3 is contained in Memorandum D17-1-5, Registration, Accounting and Payment for Commercial Goods, Appendix A.
27. The following documentation must be provided to the CBSA:
- (a) one copy of a completed Form B3-3 at automated CBSA offices. An additional copy of Form B3-3 is required at a non-automated CBSA office. Once duties and taxes have been paid, this copy will be stamped "duty paid" and returned as a receipt;
- (b) commercial invoices;
- (c) cargo control document (CCD) (not required if the goods are transported by the importer); and
- (d) the required permits, certificates, licences or authorizations.
Form B3-3, Canada Customs Coding Form, Type D
28. If all the information is not available, Form B3-3, type D interim accounting document may be submitted to the CBSA. Enough information should be included for the border services officer to determine the tariff classification and value for duty of the goods.
29. The CBSA requires a security deposit in addition to the estimated duties owing on the goods. The deposit must be equal to 10 % of the value for duty of the goods and at least $100, but not more than $1,000. The supporting documents are the same as for Form B3-3, type C, as outlined in paragraph 27.
Form B3-3, Canada Customs Coding Form, Ex-warehouse
30. Goods removed from a bonded warehouse for use in Canada must be documented on an ex-warehouse Form B3-3. Refer to Memorandum D17-1-10, Coding of Customs Accounting Documents, for information on which ex-warehouse type applies to the goods. The supporting documents are the same as for Form B3-3, type C, as outlined in paragraph 27.
Release Prior to Payment
31. Release prior to payment allows importers or customs brokers to obtain release of goods before duties and taxes are paid. Importers or customs brokers may take advantage of release prior to payment privileges as long as they post security with the CBSA, account for the goods within the prescribed time limit, and pay duties and taxes owing in full by the due date. Refer to Memorandum D17-1-8, Release Prior to Payment Privilege and D1-7-1, Posting Security for Transacting Bonded Operations. Refer to Memorandum D17-1-5, Registration, Accounting and Payment for Commercial Goods, for information on customs accounting requirements and payment of duties.
32. Release prior to payment options include:
- (a) RMD;
- (b) PARS
33. The CBSA encourages the use of electronic transmission. Electronic transmission is available for both release and accounting information.
34. EDI allows electronic transmission of RMD and PARS release data, including invoice information, to ACROSS. A border services officer reviews the information and transmits the release decision back to the client via the Release Notification System (RNS) or the Customs Automated Data Exchange (CADEX). Clients using EDI must abide by the requirements outlined in the applicable Electronic Commerce Client Requirements Document (ECCRD).
35. The CADEX system offers an alternative to presenting paper copies of accounting information. Clients authorized to use CADEX can transmit Form B3-3, directly to the CBSA computer system. Clients using CADEX must abide by the requirements outlined in the CADEX Participants Requirements Document (PRD).
36. You can obtain a copy of the ECCRD, or CADEX PRD, by writing to:
Electronic Commerce Unit
Innovation, Science and Technology Branch
Canada Border Services Agency
250 Tremblay Road, 6th Floor
Ottawa ON K1A 0L8
You can also visit the CBSA Web site at www.cbsa.gc.ca.
Time Frames for the Release of Goods
37. Mode-specific time frames for the release of goods apply when an importer or customs broker submits RMD requests, and when a carrier or warehouse operator transmits RNS arrival notifications. Refer to Appendix B for the applicable time frames and conditions.
38. It should be noted that when carriers, freight forwarders or agents provide a CCD to the importer or customs broker before the goods arrive, they must specifically advise the importer or customs broker that the goods have not yet arrived. The carrier or forwarder must also provide an estimated time and date of arrival for the goods. A penalty may be issued to the carrier if the CBSA refers goods for examination and discovers that the importer or customs broker was not advised of the arrival status of the goods (i.e., the goods were not available for examination).
Release on Minimum Documentation (RMD)
39. RMD allows importers to obtain release of goods by presenting interim documentation. Full accounting data and payment are not required at the time of release. Presentation of full accounting data and payment is made according to prescribed time frames. More information on accounting and payment is found in Memorandum D17-1-5, Registration, Accounting and Payment for Commercial Goods.
40. RMD documentation must be transmitted electronically to the CBSA using EDI.
41. Certain exceptions to the requirement of transmitting RMD documentation using EDI apply. The exceptions are as follows:
- (a) goods are subject to the requirements of another government department or agency and there is no EDI link between the CBSA and the OGD or agency to satisfy the requirement;
- (b) the invoice for the release transaction contains more than 500 (as of February 1, 2012) or 999 (as of June 1, 2012) invoice lines, or as otherwise specified by CBSA. This phased in time line is in preparation for end-state eManifest;
- (c) the release request is for shortages, entered to arrive, value included, provisional, etc. where there is no EDI option;
- (d) there is more than one warehouse sub-location code per release transaction;
- (e) the release transaction is covered by multiple highway CCN's at the border;
- (f) the CBSA has issued a paper Form Y50, Reject Document Control, to the importer or customs broker for courier/low-value shipments;
- (g) goods are moved into a bonded warehouse using the RMD option (grey wrapper);
- (h) goods are to be released from a Queen's warehouse;
- (i) CBSA or client system outages;
- (j) regulated goods qualifying for tariff classification 9813 or 9814 ("Canadian Goods Returning"); or
- (k) release request is submitted to a non-automated CBSA office.
42. A paper RMD package will be accepted if one of the above exceptions apply. An Exception Lead Sheet (Appendix C) must accompany the paper release package indicating the applicable exception. The border services officer retains the right to refuse the paper RMD if it does not meet one of the exceptions listed in paragraph 41.
43. An importer or customs broker who wants goods released before final accounting must provide the following interim accounting information to the CBSA:
- (a) a CCD – two copies for paper releases (the customs delivery authority copy and the long-room copy);
- (b) a commercial invoice, such as a Canada customs invoice or another acceptable document, such as a bill of sale, or both, containing the following:
- (1) vendor's name and address;
- (2) consignee's name and address;
- (3) purchaser's name and address (if other than consignee):
- (i) in cases where both a purchaser and a consignee are identified on the invoice, the purchaser, not the consignee, will be the importer of record;
- (ii) where only a consignee is listed, the consignee will be the importer of record;
- (iii) the party identified as the importer at the time of release must be the party identified as the importer at the time of final accounting;
- (4) importer's BN;
- (i) clients with more than one RM account must specify the account identifier and enter all 15 characters of the BN (e.g., 123456789RM0003);
- (ii) the name of the importer of record must correspond with the name under which the company registered for its RM account;
- (5) unit of measure and quantity of goods;
- (6) value of the goods and currency of settlement;
- (7) detailed description of the goods;
- (8) 10-digit HS code:
- (i) all lines will eventually require a 10-digit HS code at time of release however the requirement to provide the 10 digit HS code is being implemented in a phased-in approach. February 1, 2012, entries containing 1 to 20 invoice lines require HS codes for every line. June 1, 2012 up to 30 lines will require mandatory HS codes. For commodities beyond the mandatory HS requirement for each applicable time line, a clearly written description is still required for all commodities. By January 2013 HS codes are required for all lines up to 999 or as otherwise specified by CBSA;
- (ii) where more than, 20 or 30 HS codes are applicable, (depending on phased-in time line mentioned in (8)(i); one of the HS codes provided must be for either:
- – the highest valued commodity of the shipment; or
- – the commodity that provides the most reasonable representation of the shipment.
- (iii) As of January 2, 2013, the above point, 43(b)8(ii) will no longer apply when all lines are required;
- (iv) when multiple-page paper invoices are presented, the HS code(s) must also be shown on the first page;
- (v) importers and customs brokers are encouraged to use bar-coded format, if available;
- (vi) effective September 2011, LVS valued at $1600 or less will be subject to the same requirement for provision of the 10 digit HS code as High Value Shipments in accordance with the phased in time frames mentioned in (8)(i) unless the LVS shipment is imported through the Courier/LVS Program;
- (vii) Customs Self Assessment (CSA)/Free And Secure Trade (FAST) importers, using PARS or RMD release options will continue to be exempt from providing HS codes at time of release, unless subject to OGD and agencies requirements;
- (9) country of origin of the goods;
- (10) number of invoice pages; and
- (11) transaction number in bar-coded format as outlined in Memorandum D17-1-10, Coding of Customs Accounting Documents. The requirement for the bar-coded format does not apply to goods released through a sub-agent at a non-terminal CBSA office.
- (c) permits, licences, certificates and authorizations required by OGD or agencies.
44. The documents must be submitted to the CBSA in the following order:
- (a) carrier/warehouse keeper documents (customs delivery authority copy of the CCD;
- (b) OGD or agency permits, licences or certificates;
- (c) CBSA documentation release information sheet – optional, (see Appendix D), long-room copy of the CCD, invoice, and supporting documentation, importer or customs broker documentation (release information sheet, or invoices).
After Hours Procedures
45. Documentation requirements for goods released outside business hours are the same as for authorized hours. When it is not possible to provide a transaction number in bar-coded format, release may be obtained if an index card (10 x 15) is provided containing the following information:
- (a) importer name and address;
- (b) importer BN;
- (c) name of customs broker (if applicable)
- (d) name of sub-agent, (identified as the sub-agent, if applicable); and
- (e) account security number.
46. At the time of release, the CBSA copy of the release documents must indicate the account security number of the importer or customs broker who will account for the release transaction. Importers, customs brokers and sub-agents should ensure that the transaction number, in bar-coded format is affixed to the release documents being held at the CBSA office by 11 a.m. the next business day after release.
Customs Automated Data Exchange (CADEX)
47. CADEX allows importers and customs brokers to transmit final accounting data over telecommunication lines. CADEX participants must meet more stringent invoice and requirements at the time of RMD than non-CADEX participants.
48. CADEX participants must:
- (a) comply with the requirements outlined in the CADEX PRD;
- (b) indicate a CADEX identifier on the first page of the customs copy of the invoice near the transaction number, or on a release information sheet (see Appendix D) accompanying the release request;
- (c) present release documents in a gold wrapper (marked LVS, if the goods are valued at less than CAN$1,600); and
- (d) provide RMD appraisal-quality invoice data at the time of release for paper requests, or within five business days of release, if using EDI release procedures.
49. If the documentation to support final accounting is not available at the time of release, the release request should not be submitted as a CADEX release. A non-CADEX RMD may be presented and final accounting submitted on a hard copy Form B3-3.
Changes and Corrections to RMD After Release but Prior to Final Accounting
50. There is an obligation on the part of the party who is obtaining the release of the goods to present true, accurate and complete information to the CBSA. However, where errors occur, the CBSA may accept changes to RMD when Form A48, R.M.D. Correction (referred herein as RMD corrector) is used in situations where, following the release of goods but prior to final accounting, changes are required to the:
- (a) importer BN;
- (b) transaction number;
- (c) CCN;
- (d) container number(s);
- (e) sub-location code;
- (f) customs office.
51. The CBSA will process RMD correctors that contain the proper supporting documentation. Importers or customs brokers are encouraged to submit the RMD corrector to the CBSA as soon as the error is discovered to avoid the possibility of late accounting penalties.
Supporting Documentation Requirements for the Following Changes/Corrections:
Changes to the Importer BN
52. A change to the BN after the goods have been released poses a higher level of concern to the CBSA. Such requests may result in additional questioning regarding why the error occurred. In addition to a RMD corrector, a waybill, purchase order, commercial invoice (not Canada Customs Invoice) or a similar document which clearly establishes that the claimant is the true importer of record, must be presented as supporting documentation.
53. The RMD corrector is not to be used for changes to the importer BN once final accounting has been submitted to the CBSA. For procedures on correction to the importer BN after final accounting, please refer to Memorandum D17-2-3, Importer Name/Account Number or Business Number Changes.
Changes to Transaction Number
54. A completed RMD corrector from the proper customs broker (or designate) responsible for the accounting will be required. The RMD corrector must be signed by both customs broker managers (or supervisor/senior staff person) and attached to a hard copy paper RMD package or B3-3 "C" type entry. The original date of release will be used as the date of release for the corrected transaction. Sub-agents acting on behalf of another customs broker must ensure they provide the primary customs broker's bar coded transaction number.
55. It should be noted that changes to transaction number should not be a result of the correct transaction number (for the correct account security holder), not being available at the time of release. Where the correct transaction number in bar-coded format is not available at time of release, release may be obtained as specified in paragraph 45.
Changes to CCN, Container Number(s) or Sub-location Code
56. Clients must ensure a copy of the CCD is included with the RMD corrector. The correct CCN and/or container number(s) must be in a valid cargo status for purposes of release.
Changes to the Customs Office of Release
57. RMD correctors requesting a change to the CBSA office of release are to be submitted to the CBSA office where the goods are physically located and will only be accepted if the goods are still under CBSA control (i.e. they have not been removed from the sufferance warehouse).
58. A new paper RMD release package, including the long room copy of the CCD showing the correct CBSA office of release code and sub-location code, is to be submitted in a salmon wrapper with the RMD corrector in accordance with section 4.17.4 of the ACROSS ECCRD. A notation by the client in the remarks section should include a request for the original transaction number to be cancelled.
59. The CBSA office of release where the goods are physically located will cancel the original RMD in ACROSS. The new paper RMD will be processed by the border services officer. The date of release will capture the original release date. A RNS message will be generated by CBSA for the client and the applicable sufferance warehouse.
60. The RMD corrector is not to be used to request changes to invoice information, to request changes for goods that have not been released in the ACROSS system or to request the cancellation of a release request (with the exception of requests to change transaction numbers or the CBSA office of release, etc.). Changes requested after final accounting has been submitted will be considered in circumstances where the goods are still under CBSA control in a sufferance warehouse (e.g., changes to CCN, sub-location code or container number).
61. When changes are required to invoice information:
- (a) for EDI transactions, participants will refer to the ECCRD;
- (b) for paper transactions, the importer or customs broker will submit a request in writing, including supporting documentation, to the CBSA office of release. If accepted by the CBSA, it will be attached to the original release record or final accounting document (as applicable, depending on whether the original transaction was CADEX or non CADEX).
Pre-arrival Review System (PARS)
62. PARS allows importers and customs brokers to submit RMD information to the CBSA for review and processing before the goods arrive in Canada. This speeds up the release or referral for examination process when the goods arrive in Canada. Electronic transmission and exceptions to transmitting electronically when using the PARS release option are the same as for RMD, as outlined in paragraph 41. PARS allows the processing of goods that require permits, licences or certificates, including those commodities controlled by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA). Refer to the CFIA-PARS section for more information.
63. The PARS service option is available for goods imported by different modes of transport:
- (a) PARS – goods arriving by highway and cleared at the border;
- (b) Inland Pre-arrival Review System – goods cleared at an inland highway sufferance warehouse;
- (c) Rail PARS – goods arriving by rail;
- (d) Marine PARS – marine freight; and
- (e) Air PARS – air freight.
64. The CCN is the key element of the PARS process. If multiple invoices cover one shipment consigned to one importer, only one CCN is necessary. The invoice pages should be clearly marked (e.g., page 1 of 3, page 2 of 3, and page 3 of 3).
65. The CCN must be in a bar-coded format on paper release requests presented to the CBSA for pre-arrival review. In addition, documents that carriers present to the CBSA when they arrive at highway border locations for both PARS-Paper and PARS-EDI must have a bar-coded CCN.
66. The carrier supplies the bar codes. The first four digits of the CCN must be the unique carrier code that identifies the carrier. The acronym "PARS" should be displayed in human readable form to identify the use of the bar code.
- (a) If "PARS" is included as part of the CCN, between the carrier code and the numeric sequence (e.g., 72F1PARS00001), the bar codes must also contain the bars for the letters in "PARS."
- (b) If the bar codes do not actually contain the inscription "PARS," the acronym may be printed either above the bars or under the number.
67. Technical specifications for bar-coded CCNs can be found in Memorandum D3-1-1, Policy Respecting the Importation and Transportation of Goods.
68. Documentation for a paper PARS release request presented for pre-arrival review consists of:
- (a) importer/customs broker lead sheet (see Appendix E for sample) that includes:
- (i) "PARS" clearly marked;
- (ii) estimated time and date of arrival;
- (iii) transaction number (bar coded);
- (iv) CCN; and
- (v) BN;
- (b) long-room copy of the CCD (Inland/Rail/ Marine/Air);
- (c) permits, licences, certificates or authorizations, if applicable; and
- (d) a commercial invoice, such as a CBSA invoice or a bill of sale. Invoice requirements are outlined in paragraph 43(b).
69. The exporter or carrier provides information on the goods to be imported to the importer or customs broker by facsimile or EDI. Documentation may include an invoice or bill of lading.
70. The importer or customs broker must submit the PARS release request to the CBSA a maximum of 30 calendar days before the goods arrive at the CBSA office of clearance. The release recommendation will be ready when the goods arrive, if the PARS information is submitted at least:
- (a) one hour in advance for EDI transmissions; or
- (b) two hours in advance for paper submissions.
71. The border services officer reviews the PARS release information, and updates ACROSS with a recommendation whether to release or refer the goods when they arrive in Canada.
72. The carrier or warehouse operator advises the CBSA when the goods arrive. For highway border clearance, the carrier gives the CBSA an invoice or bill of lading with the bar-coded CCN. When the goods are released, the border services officer will stamp this document and return it to the carrier as proof of clearance by the CBSA.
73. For non-highway border clearances, the carrier or warehouse operator transmits the CCN to the CBSA by the RNS. For more information, refer to the PRD. You can obtain copies of this document by writing to:
Electronic Commerce Unit
Innovation, Science and Technology Branch
Canada Border Services Agency
250 Tremblay Road, 6th Floor
Ottawa ON K1A 0L8
74. When PARS shipments do not arrive within the prescribed time limits, paper permits, licences or certificates are returned to the importer or customs broker. CADEX and RNS clients are notified electronically of the release decision for both paper and EDI PARS.
75. If a PARS shipment arrives before the release request has been processed, the shipment is often released at the border as an RMD. In order to avoid duplicate releases of the same shipment, the CCN submitted with the PARS request must be re-used on the CCD attached to the RMD. The CCN on the PARS bar code must be handwritten or typed on a blank CCD Form A8A(B). The A8A(B)s can be ordered from the National Distribution Centre by calling 1-800-959-2221.
76. Alternatively, carriers may use their own pre-printed CCDs and cross out the existing bar-coded number and type or write the original failed PARS number in the previous CCN block.
77. In either instance, a notation "Failed PARS" must be clearly marked in the description field of the CCD. The original bill of lading or invoice with the PARS bar code should be given to the customs broker to include in the RMD package. This will allow border services officers to scan the CCN into ACROSS.
78. For an EDI PARS request, the importer or customs broker will follow the procedures outlined in the ECCRD. Under this process, the importer or customs broker does not submit paper permits or certificates to the CBSA for processing. The importer or customs broker will transmit an OGD service option to ACROSS. The transaction will not be processed by the CBSA until approval has been received in ACROSS from the CFIA.
79. For a paper PARS request, the importer or customs broker will submit the release request to the Import Service Centre (ISC) of the CFIA. The package can be given directly to the ISC, if it is located at the point of importation, or sent by facsimile if it is not. This package includes facsimile copies of required certificates, permits and licences. For meat and meat products imported from the United States, the CFIA-PARS release package must be submitted a minimum of 4 hours and a maximum of 72 hours before the shipment enters Canadian soil. It should be noted that the maximum time of 72 hours is to be maintained only for meat and meat products from the United States. After this period, the client is to cancel the EDI or Paper Request with CBSA and re-submit a new release request to the CFIA ISC.
80. If the CFIA recommends release of the goods, the ISC keeps copies of the certificates, permits and licences, and stamps the invoice with the CFIA stamp. Depending on local procedures, the ISC either submits the reviewed release package to the CBSA for further processing or returns it to the importer or customs broker, who then submits it to the CBSA. If the release request is unacceptable, the CFIA attaches a reject form to the package and returns it to the importer or customs broker for correction.
81. The CFIA can be contacted at www.inspection.gc.ca or at the following ISCs:
Telephone: 1-877-493-0468 (inside Canada or United States)
1-514-493-0468 (all other countries)
Telephone: 1-800-835-4486 (inside Canada or United States)
1-905-795-7834 (all other countries)
Multiple PARS for Less Than Truckload (LTL) Carriers
82. An optional procedure for less than truckload (LTL) carriers has been developed and is outlined in the following paragraphs. LTL carriers carry many different shipments rather than one shipment making up a full truckload. This does not change the transactional documentation requirements for submitting PARS release requests for pre-arrival review.
83. The LTL carrier will produce a PARS consist sheet and a stack manifest (report consolidation list for LTL carriers) instead of producing an invoice or bill of lading for each shipment. Invoices or bills of lading have to be produced upon request only. This allows the CBSA to process the LTL shipments quickly and efficiently, while handling less paper. PARS consist sheets and stack manifests are not CBSA forms and may be presented in various formats. Examples of these documents are found in Appendix F.
84. The PARS consist sheet features a bar-coded CCN for each shipment on the trailer and a space to the right of each bar code for a CBSA stamp. The consist sheet must contain the minimum information:
- (a) date;
- (b) trailer number;
- (c) carrier name; and
- (d) machine readable bar-coded CCN for each PARS shipment.
85. The stack manifest is the carrier's consolidated report identifying each shipment in the load. It must contain the following minimum information:
- (a) date;
- (b) trailer number;
- (c) carrier name; and
- (d) identifier number unique to each shipment (carrier's internal number system used as reference only).
86. A set of two bar codes is required for each CCN. The first bar code is applied to the PARS documentation, which is faxed to the customs broker. The second bar code is applied to the consist sheet.
87. Multiple PARS releases reported by LTL carriers are processed in the commercial CBSA office, not at the Primary Inspection Line (PIL). When each shipment is released, the border services officer places a stamp beside each CCN. The stack manifest is compared to the consist sheet to ensure all shipments are reported before release.
88. The stack manifest will list all shipments, regardless of service option. Shipments in the LTL trailer other than PARS (i.e., RMD, in bond) will be processed according to current procedures. The CBSA will verify that all shipments, regardless of service option, are processed before the trailer is released.
89. The CBSA will return the consist sheet and stack manifest to the carrier when all shipments are processed and the trailer is released. Copies of the consist sheet or stack manifest are not required by the CBSA after the trailer is released.
90. The CBSA will continue to notify the importer or customs broker of the release of goods through RNS or CADEX.
91. If the CBSA refers a PARS shipment for examination, the carrier must provide a copy of the related invoice/bill of lading upon request. In addition, if the importer or customs broker requires a copy of the related invoice/bill of lading, the carrier is responsible for providing it to the importer or customs broker (post release).
92. Short-shipped goods are reported when the quantity of goods originally reported to the CBSA is different from that received by the importer or customs broker. There are two shortage situations:
- (a) Short-shipped goods are documented on an Entered to Arrive (ETA) release request when the total number of packages originally reported does not match the number of packages received by the consignee or importer.
- (b) Short-shipped goods are documented on a Value Included (VI) release request when the number of articles originally reported as contained in a package does not match the contents.
93. Goods cannot be released under ETA and VI release options when:
- (a) the importer or customs broker is aware that the entire quantity of the goods reported on the invoice will not be in the shipment when it arrives in Canada;
- (b) the border services officer finds that the quantity reported does not match the quantity found during examination of the goods;
- (c) the goods are reported to be on back-order; or
- (d) the goods are bonded warehouse shortages. Refer to Memorandum D7-4-4, Customs Bonded Warehouses.
94. In these cases, only the goods that were actually shipped will be documented on the RMD package. The remaining goods will be processed separately when they arrive in Canada.
95. The exception is multi-load steel shipments covered by one permit issued by DFAIT. The entire quantity of goods reported on the invoice may be accounted for when the first shipment arrives. Subsequent shipments may be processed as ETA on their arrival, if the quantity is within the quantity allowed by the permit, and the permit is still valid.
96. ETA and VI shipments must be presented as paper release requests only, regardless of the service option used for the original release request.
97. If a shortage is discovered after release but before final accounting, the importer or customs broker has two options:
- (a) to account for the total quantity and have the balance of the goods released as an ETA or VI when they arrive; or
- (b) to provide the CBSA with evidence of the shortage with the final accounting document and account for the goods on hand only. When the remaining goods arrive, they should not be reported as a shortage. Instead, standard release procedures will apply.
98. If the importer or customs broker is a CADEX participant, the final accounting document will be transmitted for the total quantity received as usual. If payment is to be made for the goods received only, the evidence of shortage must be presented at the office where the goods were released, so that it can be verified and attached to the original release record.
99. When goods are released as an ETA or VI, the accounting time limits will start on the date of release of the first shipment.
100. If the shortage is discovered after final accounting, either the balance of the short-shipped goods may be released as an ETA or VI, or a claim may be made for a refund if the importer does not expect the goods to be delivered at a later date. To obtain a refund, a claim, with evidence of the shortage, must be submitted to any CBSA office in the region where the goods were released. Memorandum D6-2-2, Refund of Duties, contains further information on refund procedures.
101. The documents required to release short-shipped goods as ETA are:
- (a) one copy of the documentation supporting the claim for the shortage, e.g., a shipping order or letter from the shipper, vendor or manufacturer indicating that the goods were not shipped;
- (b) one copy of a new CCD showing the number of pieces short-shipped with a reference to the CCN of the original shipment in the description field. When more than one carrier is involved, a loading sheet from the original carrier is required to substantiate the shortage;
- (c) two copies of the invoices covering the original shipment. This invoice should contain the following information:
- (i) importer BN;
- (ii) transaction number of the original shipment;
- (iii) notation "ETA Shortage;"
- (iv) indication of which goods were short-shipped; and
- (v) original CBSA release office.
102. The documents required for short-shipped goods to be released as a VI transaction are:
- (a) two copies of the original documentation supporting the claim for the shortage;
- (b) one copy of a new CCD showing the number of pieces short-shipped, with a reference to the CCN of the original shipment in the description field;
- (c) two copies of an invoice containing an accurate description of the short-shipped goods. This invoice should contain the following information:
- (i) importer/exporter account number or BN of the importer;
- (ii) transaction number of the original shipment (a new transaction number is not acceptable);
- (iii) a notation "VI shortage;"
- (iv) name of the original CBSA release office; and
- (v) invoice page and line number for the original transaction relating to the short-shipped goods.
Known Short Shipments
103. A commodity invoiced as a single transaction may have to be imported in separate loads due to the nature of the shipment. For example, certain machinery, equipment, and large systems such as an oil rig must be shipped in multiple loads over time. In these cases, the entire quantity of goods will be accounted for when the first shipment arrives, and the remainder will be processed on importation as ETA. All the ETA shipments have to be processed within 12 months from the date of accounting of the first shipment.
104. Before the goods arrive, a written request must be submitted to the chief or superintendent at the CBSA office where the first shipment is to be imported. The request should include the following information:
- (a) reason for shortage;
- (b) name and BN of the importer;
- (c) name of the exporter;
- (d) unit of measure and quantity of goods;
- (e) value of the goods;
- (f) detailed description of the goods;
- (g) country of origin;
- (h) number of ETAs; and
- (i) estimated date(s) of arrival including the completion date.
105. If the request is approved, the CBSA will send a letter of authorization to the importer or customs broker and retain the information pending arrival of the first shipment and all ETAs.
106. For the first shipment, the importer or customs broker can present a paper PARS with the letter of authorization to the designated CBSA office before the goods arrive or present a copy of the letter with either a paper RMD or a Form B3-3 after the goods arrive.
107. The documents required for this type of ETA release are:
- (a) a copy of the letter of authorization;
- (b) a new CCD; and
- (c) two copies of the invoice(s) covering the original shipment containing the following information:
- (i) importer BN;
- (ii) transaction number of the original shipment;
- (iii) name of the original customs release office;
- (iv) notation "ETA Shortage"; and
- (v) actual quantity being released.
108. Following normal ETA processing in ACROSS, the CBSA will retain a copy of the ETA release package. When an ETA is processed at a CBSA office other than the original office of release, the CBSA copy of the ETA release package will be forwarded to the original office of release.
Split Shipments – Air Mode
109. In the case of a split shipment, the duties payable on the total quantity must be accounted for and the remaining portion released as ETA goods. The same procedures will apply as for the ETA procedures outlined earlier in this memorandum, except that the carrier must submit the original cargo waybill, stamped split shipment, to the CBSA to support the release of the subsequent shipments. Memorandum D3-2-2, Air Cargo – Import and In-transit Movements, contains the reporting requirements for split shipments arriving by air.
Release Processing of "Hand-carried Goods" (HCG)
110. "Hand-carried goods" applicable in all modes is defined as: commercial goods carried by paying passenger(s) on board traveler's commercial conveyances (bus, taxi, plane, ship etc.); or by a driver of a "not for hire" non-commercial conveyance (i.e. personal vehicle) as described in (a) or (b) below:
- (a) an owner of a business or an employee of a business driving a vehicle registered under the business (fleet car) transporting commercial goods for the business; or
- (b) an owner of a business or an employee of a business driving their own personal vehicle transporting commercial goods for the business.
111. Commercial goods falling under the above definition of HCG are to be accounted for at time of importation on a Form B3-3, unless otherwise specified by CBSA.
Customs Self-Assessment (CSA)
112. CSA streamlines the import process for pre-approved Canadian importers by using their internal business systems and processes in place of the traditional customs process. Under CSA, most elements of the import process from clearance, accounting, adjustment and payment of duties are modified. CSA has introduced two key changes to release.
113. At the first point of arrival (FPOA), only three CSA data elements are generally required–identification of the CSA-approved importer, carrier and registered driver. This information is electronically verified at PIL and the carrier is "authorized to deliver".
114. Release is no longer generated by a CBSA decision. Instead, CSA release occurs when the shipment is received by the importer, owner or consignee and the carrier has a signed proof of delivery.
115. CSA-approved importers may use non-CSA service options for release.
116. Memorandum D17-1-7, Customs Self Assessment Program for Importers, contains further information on the CSA Program.
Release Processing of "Hand-carried Goods" CSA Importer Shipments
117. Where the shipment being imported is for a CSA importer, submission of a Form B3-3 is not required in order to obtain release of the shipment.
118. HCG being imported by or for a CSA importer may obtain release at time of importation through presentation of a paper RMD package provided the following conditions described in (a) to (d) are met:
- (a) the importation falls within the definition of HCG as described in paragraph 110;
- (b) the transporter does not meet the criteria of a carrier as defined by CBSA;
- (c) the BN indicated on the RMD documentation must reference a CSA importer; and
- (d) release of the shipment must be obtained at the FPOA (in-bond movement will not be permitted).
119. The requirement for a bar-coded CCN is not applicable for CSA importer shipments of "hand-carried goods".
120. Upon presentation of the paper RMD package, the CBSA will assign and apply the required CCN at time of importation. This CCN applied by CBSA is for purposes of system processing only. This CCN will appear on the CBSA electronic notification of release to the CSA importer or customs broker.
121. For more information on release procedures or completing CBSA documents, please call the Border Information Service (BIS):
From within Canada, call: 1-800-461-9999 (toll free)
From outside Canada, call: 204-983-3500 or 506-636-5064 (long-distance charges will apply)
122. BIS provides recorded information on many common topics 24 hours a day. An agent is available during regular business hours, Monday to Friday (except holidays). from 8:00 a.m. to 4 p.m. local time, across Canada for more specific inquiries.
123. D memoranda and other CBSA information are also available on the CBSA Web site at www.cbsa.gc.ca.
Form Y50, Reject Document Control, page 1 of 1
Mode Specific Time Frames for the Release of Goods
|Mode||Carrier Code on RMD or PARS||Release Service Option||Condition||Earliest Time Frame to Report Arrival of PARS or Submit a RMD According to Conveyance Arrival|
|Air||Primary or Secondary||PARS||PARS received and processed||wheels up to destination CBSA office|
|Primary||RMD||cargo data made available to the CBSA for pre-arrival review (see note 1)||wheels up to destination CBSA office|
|Secondary||RMD||arrival at destination CBSA office|
|Rail||Primary or Secondary||PARS||PARS received and processed||1 hour non-stop to Canada|
|Primary||RMD||cargo data made available to the CBSA for pre-arrival review (see note 2)||1 hour non-stop to Canada|
|Secondary||RMD||arrival at destination CBSA office|
|Marine||Primary or Secondary||PARS||PARS received and processed||12:01 a.m. on day of vessel arrival|
|Primary||RMD||cargo data made available to the CBSA for pre-arrival review (see note 3)||12:01 a.m. on day of vessel arrival|
|Secondary||RMD||arrival at destination CBSA office (see note 4)|
|Hwy||Primary or Secondary||PARS||PARS received and processed||arrival in Canada|
|Primary or Secondary||RMD||arrival at destination CBSA office|
Note 1 – Air: Cargo and conveyance supplementary data (as applicable) must be transmitted electronically to the CBSA at least four hours before the plane arrives at the airport in Canada, or by "wheels up" to Canada, if the flight is less than four hours.
*This does not apply where shipments will be transferred from a primary air sufferance warehouse type AA or AH to the freight forwarder warehouse type CW on the original air cargo document. Submission of RMD at the destination CBSA office will be upon arrival of the shipment at the destination warehouse.
Note 2 – Rail: Rail carriers transmit their electronic cargo data to CBSA at least one hour before the train arrives at the Canadian border. The fifth digit of the cargo control number of the carrier's cargo control document will contain an "E" to indicate that the cargo report to the CBSA is electronic. For example, 6666E123232222.
Note 3 – Marine: Cargo and conveyance data must be transmitted electronically in keeping with the Advance Commercial Information (ACI) time frames.
Note 4 – Marine: To avoid extra storage charges for the importer, an exception is made when there are multiple containers documented on one or more cargo control numbers against one RMD that are not arriving at the CBSA office of destination at the same time. At least one of the containers must have arrived at the destination sufferance warehouse at the time the RMD is submitted. The remaining containers must have arrived at the port of report and be en route or awaiting furtherance to the inland destination.
Exception Lead Sheet, page 1 of 1
Release Information Sheet, page 1 of 1
Sample of a PARS Lead Sheet, page 1 of 1
PARS Consist Sheet and Stack Manifest
Carrier Name Consist Sheet, page 1 of 2
Carrier Name Consist Sheet, page 2 of 2
- Issuing office:
- Import Programs
Border Programs Directorate
- Headquarters file:
- Legislative references:
- Customs Act, sections 31, 32, 33, and 35
- Other references:
- D1-2-1, D1-7-1, D3-1-1, D3-2-2, D5-1-1, D6-2-2, D7-4-4, D8-1-4, D8-1-7, D17-1-2, D17-1-5, D17-1-7, D17-1-8, D17-1-10, D17-2-3, D19-10-2
- Superseded memorandum D:
- D17-1-4, September 19, 2008
- Date modified: