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Memorandum D18-3-2: Excise duty framework for vaping products

Ottawa,

ISSN 2369-2391

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In brief

The Government of Canada has introduced an excise duty (vaping duty) on vaping products through a new excise duty framework. The vaping duty and the vaping excise stamp apply to vaping substances that are manufactured in Canada or imported, and that are intended for use in a vaping device in Canada. The excise duty framework for vaping products comes into effect on .

This memorandum provides information concerning the administration and enforcement under the Excise Act, 2001 and under the Customs Act.

Legislation

Guidelines and general information

Date of effect

1. The excise duty framework for vaping products comes into effect on .

Definitions

2. The following terms, defined under the Excise Act, 2001 or related regulations, are used in this memorandum:

3. For more definitions of the terms found in this memorandum, refer to section 2 of the Excise Act, 2001 and to subsection 2(1) of the Customs Act, at the links found in the References section of this memorandum.

Currencies

4. All amounts expressed in this memorandum are in Canadian dollars (CAD).

Health Canada - Compliance

5. Manufacturers, importers and sellers of vaping products must also comply with the Tobacco and Vaping Products Act and the Canada Consumer Product Safety Act. For more information, refer to Vaping compliance and enforcement, at the link found in the References section of this memorandum.

Scope of the excise duty framework for vaping products

6. The excise duty framework for vaping products applies on vaping products imported into Canada and intended for the Canadian duty-paid market, whether or not they contain nicotine.

7. A vaping product falls within the scope of the excise duty framework for vaping products if it meets the definition of a vaping product, as set out in section 2 of the Excise Act, 2001. Vaping products that do not meet this definition are not subject to the excise duty framework for vaping products. For example, vaping substances that contain tobacco or any cannabis, and reusable vaping devices (e.g., ‘vaping pens’) that do not contain a vaping substance, do not meet the definition of a vaping product. Therefore, those products are not subject to the excise duty framework for vaping products.

8. A person who manufactures vaping products in Canada, with the exception of manufacturing for its personal use, must apply for a vaping product licence to the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA). This licence, issued by the CRA, also allows for the importation of non-duty-paid (i.e., unstamped or unpackaged) vaping products into Canada intended for the Canadian duty-paid (i.e, stamped) market. Such persons must meet specific eligibility criteria to obtain a licence under the Excise Act, 2001.

9. A person who only imports packaged vaping products into the Canadian duty-paid market, and does not manufacture vaping products in Canada, must apply to the CRA to be a vaping prescribed person in order to obtain vaping excise stamps for their products.

10. Vaping product licensees and vaping prescribed persons are also required to register with the CRA for the vaping stamping regime. All vaping products entering the Canadian duty-paid market are required to be packaged with a vaping excise stamp affixed to the product.

11. A flow chart representing how the excise duty framework applies to the importation of vaping products is found in Annex 4 of this memorandum.

Transitional provisions

12. To facilitate the implementation, application, administration and enforcement of the excise duty framework for vaping products, Bill C-19, Budget Implementation Act, 2022, No. 1 includes transitional provisions related to the imposition and payment of vaping duty, the stamping of vaping products, and the possession of unstamped vaping products. The list of these transitional provisions are found in Annex 3 of this memorandum.

Licensing requirements

Vaping product licence

13. A person must apply to the CRA for a vaping product licence under subsection 158.35(1) of the Excise Act, 2001 if they are manufacturing vaping products in Canada. This licence also allows a person who manufactures vaping products in Canada to import non-duty-paid vaping products into Canada intended for the Canadian duty-paid market for further manufacturing. Manufacturing includes any step in the production of the vaping product but does not include the stamping of the vaping product.

14. Upon meeting the eligibility criteria, the CRA will send a letter to the applicant to confirm their CRA vaping product licence approval and give them their new excise duty program account number.

15. For more information, refer to Excise Duty Notice EDN79, Obtaining and Renewing a Vaping Product Licence, at the link found in the References section of this memorandum.

Excise warehouse licence

16. A vaping product licensee who manufactures and imports vaping products in Canada for export or for sale to an accredited representative, also requires an excise warehouse licence. Under the Excise Act, 2001, vaping products manufactured or imported in Canada that are packaged but not stamped, must be immediately entered into the licensee’s excise warehouse. For more information, refer to Excise Duty Notice EDN79, Obtaining and Renewing a Vaping Product Licence, at the link found in the References section of this memorandum.

Vaping product licence - exceptions

17. A person does not have to apply for a vaping product licence under the Excise Act, 2001 if they

18. A vaping product licence is also not required if a person is strictly handling or selling stamped products (i.e., a warehouse distributor of duty-paid products, or a retail outlet) or strictly transporting vaping products in accordance with the Excise Act, 2001.

Vaping prescribed person

19. An importer who is not required to obtain a vaping product licence (as they do not manufacture vaping products in Canada and are only importing stamped packaged vaping products into Canada) is required to become a vaping prescribed person with the CRA in order to obtain vaping excise stamps. Upon meeting the eligibility criteria, the CRA will send a letter to the person to confirm they meet the conditions to be a vaping prescribed person and give them their new excise duty program account number.

20. For more information, refer to Excise Duty Notice EDN81, Becoming a Vaping Prescribed Person, at the link found in the References section of this memorandum.

Vaping prescribed person – exception

21. Under paragraph 158.47(2)(c) of the Excise Act, 2001 and subsection 5.1(1) of the Stamping and Marking of Tobacco, Cannabis and Vaping Products Regulations, a person who imports vaping products for personal use in quantities that do not exceed the prescribed limit of 5 units, is not required to be a vaping prescribed person.

Registration for the vaping stamping regime

22. Under the Excise Act, 2001, the following persons are required to register for the vaping stamping regime in order to purchase vaping excise stamps in order to import packaged vaping products intended for the Canadian duty-paid market:

23. A person can register for the vaping stamping regime at the same time as they apply for a vaping product license or for a vaping prescribed person registration under the Excise Act, 2001. The CRA will send the applicant a letter to confirm their registration and provide instructions on how to purchase stamps.

24. For more information, refer to Excise Duty Notice EDN80, Overview of Vaping Excise Stamps, at the link found in the References section of this memorandum.

Registration for the vaping stamping regime - exceptions

25. Under the Excise Act, 2001, the following persons are not required to register for the vaping stamping regime

26. For more information, refer to Excise Duty Notice EDN80, Overview of Vaping Excise Stamps, at the link found in the References section of this memorandum.

Vaping excise stamps – Order process

27. An importer must be approved by the CRA to purchase vaping excise stamps. If an importer also manufactures vaping products in Canada, they will be able to purchase vaping excise stamps to the CRA under their vaping product licence. If an importer is not also manufacturing vaping products in Canada, they must apply to become a vaping prescribed person and must purchase vaping excise stamps to the CRA. For more information, refer to Excise Duty Notice EDN80, Overview of Vaping Excise Stamps, at the link found in the References section of this memorandum.

Stamping of vaping products

28. All packaged vaping products entering the Canadian duty-paid market must bear a vaping excise stamp, unless one of the exceptions mentioned in the section Stamping of vaping products – exceptions of this memorandum applies.

29. As per section 158.47 of the Excise Act, 2001, vaping products that are being imported into Canada must be packaged and have a vaping excise stamp affixed to the products before they can be released under the Customs Act to enter the Canadian duty-paid market.

30. As per section 158.51 of the Excise Act, 2001, Non-Compliant Imports, if an imported vaping product intended for the Canadian duty-paid market is packaged and not stamped when it is being reported to the CBSA, it shall be placed in a sufferance warehouse for the purpose of being stamped by the importer or owner of the imported vaping product.

31. Section 4.2 of the Stamping and Marking of Tobacco, Cannabis and Vaping Products Regulations requires that the stamp be affixed:

32. For more information, refer to Excise Duty Notice EDN80, Overview of Vaping Excise Stamps, at the link found in the References section of this memorandum.

Stamping of vaping products - exceptions

33. The following vaping products are not required to bear a vaping excise stamp:

34. Vaping products intended for export or for sale to an accredited representative must immediately be marked as per Section 8 and Section 9 of the Stamping and Marking of Tobacco, Cannabis, and Vaping Product Regulations, and entered into an excise warehouse. For more information, refer to Excise duty Notice EDN79 Obtaining and Renewing a Vaping Product Licence, at the link found in the References section and to the section Warehouses of this memorandum.

Unstamped vaping products

35. When imported packaged vaping products destined for the Canadian duty-paid market are not stamped in accordance with the Excise Act, 2001 at the time of report to the CBSA, the products will either be:

  1. exported;
  2. abandoned to the Crown under section 36 of the Customs Act; or
  3. entered into a customs sufferance warehouse where the importer will stamp the vaping products. For more information, refer to the section Warehouses of this memorandum.

36. Special services charges will be applied when an officer is asked to verify that packages in a customs sufferance warehouse have been stamped in accordance with the Stamping and Marking of Tobacco, Cannabis and Vaping Products Regulations. For more information, refer to Memorandum D1-2-1, Special Services, at the link found in the References section of this memorandum.

Vaping excise stamp example

Vaping excise stamp
Vaping excise stamp
Vaping excise stamp - Text version
  • Anti-copy line work
  • Jurisdiction indicator
  • Unique identifier
  • Duty-paid status
  • Intaglio latent images
  • Colour shift ink
  • Stamp type

37. For more information, refer to Excise Duty Notice EDN80, Overview of Vaping Excise Stamps, at the link found in the References section of this memorandum.

Vaping duty payable

38. Vaping duty is imposed under section 158.57 of the Excise Act, 2001 on vaping products manufactured in Canada or imported into Canada in the amount determined under Schedule 8 of that Act.

39. As per subsection 158.59 of the Excise Act, 2001, the vaping duty in respect of an imported vaping product shall be paid and collected under the Customs Act. In addition, interest and penalties are to be imposed, calculated, paid and collected under that Act, as if the tax were a customs duty levied on the vaping product under the Customs Tariff. The Customs Act applies with any modifications that the circumstances require.

40. In the case of imported vaping products, the importer, owner or other person who is liable under the Customs Act to pay duties levied under section 20 of the Customs Tariff is required to pay the duty imposed at the time of accounting to the CBSA. For more information, refer to the Report and accounting section of this memorandum.

Vaping duty relieved or not payable on importation – exceptions

41. There are limited circumstances where the vaping duty is relieved or not payable with respect to vaping products. The Excise Act, 2001 provides exceptions where the vaping duty is relieved or not payable on importation of vaping products. Such exceptions are:

Duty relieved

Vaping products imported by a vaping product licensee

42. Subsection 158.47(2) provides that an imported vaping product is exempted from stamping or packaging before release under the Customs Act for entry into the Canadian duty-paid market if the product is imported by a vaping product licensee for further manufacturing by the licensee.

Importation/re-importation by an individual

43. As per subsection 158.63 (1) of the Excise Act, 2001, the duties imposed under sections 158.57 and 158.58 of that Act are relieved on vaping products imported by an individual for their personal use if they were manufactured in Canada and are stamped, in quantities that do not exceed the prescribed limit of 5 units, as per section 5.1 of the Stamping and Marking of Tobacco, Cannabis and Vaping Products Regulations.

44. As per subsection 158.63 (2) of the Excise Act, 2001, the duties imposed under sections 158.57 and 158.58 of that Act are relieved on vaping products imported by an individual for their personal use if they were manufactured outside Canada, were previously imported into Canada and are stamped, in quantities that do not exceed the prescribed limit of 5 units, as per section 5.1 of the Stamping and Marking of Tobacco, Cannabis and Vaping Products Regulations.

45. The vaping duty is also relieved on vaping products imported by an individual for their personal use if they were manufactured outside Canada and are not stamped, in quantities that do not exceed the prescribed limit of 5 units, as per section 5.1 of the Stamping and Marking of Tobacco, Cannabis and Vaping Products Regulations.

Importation for re-working or destruction

46. As per subsection 158.64 of the Excise Act, 2001, the duties imposed under paragraphs 158.57(b) and 158.58(b) of that Act are relieved on a stamped vaping product that was manufactured in Canada by a vaping product licensee and that is imported for re-working or destruction in accordance with section 158.53 of that Act.

Duty not payable

47. Section 158.66 of the Excise Act, 2001 provides for certain circumstances where the duty on vaping products is not payable, including vaping products that meet the definition of a vaping product drug.

Rates of vaping duty

48. The rates of vaping duty imposed on vaping liquids under section 158.57 of the Excise Act, 2001 are:

49. The rates of vaping duty imposed on vaping solids under section 158.57 of the Excise Act, 2001 are:

50. The vaping duty is calculated on the quantity of vaping substance contained in each individual device or immediate container, not on the total quantity contained in a package.

51. For more information, refer to Excise Duty Notice EDN82, Calculation of vaping duty, at the link found in the References section and to the Illustrative examples section of this memorandum.

Duties and taxes payable

52. All applicable duties and taxes related to customs (e.g. under the Customs Tariff, the Excise Tax Act or the Special Import Measures Act, etc.), inclusive of the GST/HST and of the provincial sales tax (if applicable), are payable in respect of the importation of a vaping product.

Value for tax

53. The value for tax of the vaping product is A in the formula + B in the formula:

GST/HST and provincial sales tax

54. The GST/HST is applicable to the value for tax of the vaping product (as per the rules set out in the Excise Tax Act) as calculated above.

55. When a provincial sales tax is applicable, it applies also to the value for tax of the vaping product. For more information, refer to Memorandum D17-1-22, Accounting for the Harmonized Sales Tax, Provincial Sales Tax, Provincial Tobacco Tax and Alcohol Markup/Fee on Casual Importations in the Courier and Commercial Streams, at the link found in the References section of this memorandum.

Illustrative examples

56. For examples on the calculation of the vaping duty and other duties and taxes, refer to Annex 2 of this memorandum.

Tariff classification numbers

57. A list of goods that may be subject to the excise duty framework for vaping products at the time of issuance of this memorandum, accompanied with their respective tariff classification numbers, can be found in Annex 1 of this memorandum.

Rulings

58. The CBSA recommends that importers submit an application for a ruling if they have any doubt as to the origin, tariff classification or value for duty of goods. The procedures for obtaining a ruling are outlined in Memorandum D11-11-1, National Customs Rulings (NCR), Memorandum D11-11-3, Advance Rulings for Tariff Classification, and Memorandum D11-4-16, Advance Rulings Under Free Trade Agreements, at the links found in the References section of this memorandum.

Carriers

59. As per Section 1.4 of the Regulations Respecting the Possession of Tobacco, Cannabis or Vaping Products, the carrier transporting vaping products that are released from CBSA must have in their possession documentation that provides evidence that the person is transporting vaping products on behalf of a vaping product licensee, a vaping prescribed person, an excise warehouse licensee or an accredited representative. For more information, refer to the D Memoranda series: D3—Transportation and to the Regulations Respecting the Possession of Tobacco, Cannabis or Vaping Products, at the links found in the References section of this memorandum.

CSA Importers

60. Vaping products are considered “eligible goods” for the purposes of CSA. RSF code 49435 (EXCISE TAX/DUTIES VAPING PRODUCTS) should be used in E648 CSA Revenue Summary Form. For more information, refer to Memorandum D23-3-1, Customs Self-Assessment Program for Importers, at the link found in the References section of this memorandum.

Courier Low Value Shipment Program

61. Vaping products are regulated under the Tobacco and Vaping Products Act, Canada Consumer Product Safety Act and Food and Drugs Act and, therefore, are excluded from the CLVS Program. For more information, refer to Memorandum D17-4-0, Courier Low Value Shipment Program, at the link found in the References section of this memorandum.

Postal stream

62. Vaping products that are commercial goods or casual goods are eligible for importation in the postal stream. For more information, refer to Memorandum D5-1-1, International mail processing at the link found in the References section of this memorandum.

Travellers

63. For more information on duty and tax free importation and limits on importation of vaping products imported by the traveller (whether taxed or not), refer to the relevant memorandum in the D2 series, at the link found in the References section of this memorandum.

Reporting and accounting for vaping products

Commercial Goods

64. Reporting and accounting of vaping products that are commercial goods where the vaping duty is, or is not, payable on importation, is made in the same way and within the same prescribed time that customs duties and other taxes are, or are not, payable. Commercial goods means goods imported into Canada for sale or for any commercial, industrial, occupational, institutional or other like use.

65. Importers of vaping products must ensure that the appropriate and valid CRA endorsement is available when requested by the CBSA at time of report.

66. When requested, the valid CRA vaping licence number or the letter of endorsement must be provided to the CBSA.

67. When the proof of the valid CRA vaping licence number or the letter of endorsement cannot be provided to the CBSA upon request, the vaping products may have to be exported, abandoned to the Crown or destroyed.

68. When accounting for vaping products, the importer should complete the B3, using the same method as it would normally. This includes correctly determining the proper classification number and calculating the regular duties and taxes on the same B3 line. If provincial taxes are applicable, this will be calculated on a separate line, as per the normal procedures outlined in Memorandum D17-1-22, Accounting for the Harmonized Sales Tax, Provincial Sales Tax, Provincial Tobacco Tax and Alcohol Markup/Fee on Casual Importations in the Courier and Commercial Streams, at the link found in the References section of this memorandum.

69. An importer must pay all customs duties, GST/HST and vaping duty at the time of accounting (deferral of the amount equivalent to vaping duty is not allowed for vaping products). For more information, refer to the Duties and taxes calculation section of this memorandum.

70. The CBSA may require supporting documentation for the importation of a vaping product meeting conditions from one of the exceptions mentioned above that is claimed by the importer. If, at the time of accounting of the products (i.e., when the products have been released from the CBSA), the required supporting document is not valid or is not provided to the CBSA when required, in respect of the particular importation, and that the vaping duty would be payable in the absence of such proof, then the vaping duty would apply.

Vaping duty payable on the importation

71. To account for vaping products where the vaping duty is payable on the importation, the importer must insert the correct tariff classification number on a single line for the goods and include the appropriate excise tax code in field 34. This code is based whether the goods are a liquid (ml) or solid vaping product (g) (see table below for a list of applicable excise tax codes when the vaping duty is payable). The vaping duty amount is manually calculated and entered in field 40.

Vaping duty payable Excise tax code
Liquid vaping products (ml) 46
Solid vaping products (g) 47

Example 1

The B3 example below corresponds to Example 2 found in Annex 2 of this memorandum, for the commercial importation of a 30-gram bottle of solid vaping product that has a value for duty of $50.

Example 1

Vaping duty relieved or not payable on importation

72. To account for vaping products where the importer or goods meet the conditions from one of the exceptions mentioned in the Vaping duty relieved or not payable on importation section above, the importer must insert the correct tariff classification number on a single line for the goods and include the appropriate excise tax code in field 34. This code is based on the exception being claimed and indicates why the vaping duty is not payable (see table below for a list of applicable excise tax codes when an exception is being claimed). The vaping duty amount is entered as $0 in field 40.

Example 2

The B3 example below corresponds to the Example 2 found in Annex 2 of this memorandum, for the commercial importation of a 30-gram bottle of vaping solid that has a value for duty of $50. In this example however, the product is unstamped and imported by a vaping product licensee for further manufacturing. Excise tax code 80 is entered in field 34 to indicate this and relieves the vaping duty.

Example 1
Vaping duty payable Excise tax code
imported by a VPL 80
vaping product drug 81
personal importation within the prescribed limit 82

Note: For the purposes of the table above, VPL means Vaping product licensee.

73. When required to account for unstamped vaping products intended for export, or for sale to accredited representatives, the excise warehouse licence number, must be input in field 26 of the B3-3 Canada Customs Coding Form. The required excise warehouse licence format that must be submitted is either 99-XXX-99999 or 99-XX-99999. All digits must be input in the special authority field 26 of the B3-3 Canada Customs Coding Form. For example, if the licence is 99-EWL-1 then the number to go in the special authority field is 99-EWL-00001.

74. The following information pertains to Customs Sufferance Warehouse, Customs Bonded Warehouses and Excise Warehouses as follows:

Customs Sufferance Warehouse

75. Unstamped packaged vaping products, imported for the Canadian duty-paid market, must be stamped before release by the CBSA. Where packaged vaping products are not stamped when reported to the CBSA under the Customs Act, they shall either be exported, abandoned or placed in a customs sufferance warehouse to be stamped.

76. Importers can apply to the CBSA to obtain their own customs sufferance warehouse licence. Applicants must meet all regulatory requirements set out in the Customs Sufferance Warehouse Regulations in order to be issued a customs sufferance warehouse licence. However, a customs sufferance warehouse licence will not be issued to applicants seeking to only stamp vaping products in the warehouse facility.

77. Unstamped packaged vaping products can also be delivered to an existing customs sufferance warehouse in accordance with mode of transport.

78. For more information, refer to Memorandum D4-1-4, Customs Sufferance Warehouses, at the link found in the References section of this memorandum.

Storage of vaping products in a customs sufferance warehouse

79. Vaping products constitute a prescribed class of goods that are forfeited if they are not removed from a customs sufferance warehouse within 14 days after they were reported to the CBSA under section 12 of the Customs Act. For more information, refer to the Customs Sufferance Warehouses Regulations and to Memorandum D4-1-7, Extension of Time Limits for the Storage of Goods, at the links found in the References section of this memorandum.

Customs Bonded Warehouse

80. Only imported unstamped and marked vaping products can enter a customs bonded warehouse and, exclusively for export, or for sale to accredited representatives. For more information, refer to Memorandum D7-4-4, Customs Bonded Warehouses, at the link found in the References section of this memorandum.

Excise Warehouse

81. An excise warehouse does not allow for the deferral of vaping duty.

82. Only imported packaged, unstamped and marked vaping products can enter an excise warehouse and, exclusively for export, for sale to accredited representatives, or to be delivered to another excise warehouse (not be destined for the Canadian duty-paid market).

83. Imported vaping products cannot be removed from an excise warehouse for re-work or destruction.

84. The excise warehouse licence number must be indicated on the customs reporting documentation at the time the imported goods are reported to the CBSA to obtain release under the Customs Act. These goods must be entered into the excise warehouse immediately after release from the CBSA. It is not possible to obtain a refund of the amount equivalent to excise duty using the excise warehouse licence number after final accounting to the CBSA.

Casual goods (non-commercial)

85. The accounting of vaping products which are casual goods follows the same process as any other casual goods. Casual goods means goods imported into Canada other than commercial goods. Importers should be prepared to present on demand to the officer, any relevant documentation, as would be the case for any other goods. Officers will determine if the vaping duty is applicable and proceed with the necessary calculations. For more information, refer to Memorandum D17-1-3, Casual Importations and to the relevant memorandum in the D Memoranda series: D2—International Travel, at the links found in the References section and to the Duties and taxes calculation section of this memorandum.

Additional information on report and accounting

86. For more information regarding the report and the accounting for commercial goods and for casual goods (non-commercial), refer to D Memoranda series : D17 - Accounting and Release Procedures, at the link found in the References section of this memorandum.

Return and sale of vaping products

87. Section 117 of the Customs Act does not allow the return of vaping products unless the goods were seized in error.

88. Section 119.1 of the Customs Act allows the Minister to sell forfeited vaping products to a person with the appropriate license under the Excise Act, 2001.

Reporting and remitting the vaping duty to CRA

89. All vaping product licensees must file monthly returns to report their manufacturing activities (including inventories) and, if applicable, duty payable.

90. Vaping prescribed person who imports packaged vaping products are required to file Form B601, Vaping Information Return – Prescribed Person monthly to report inventory and usage of vaping excise stamps.

91. For more information, refer to Reporting and remitting the vaping duty, at the link found in the References section of this memorandum.

Correction, refund, drawback, re-determination and further re-determination

92. The obligation to make a correction to the incorrect declaration starts when the importer has reason to believe that a declaration of origin, tariff classification or value for duty is incorrect. The prescribed 90-day period to make a correction pursuant to section 32.2 of the Customs Act starts on the date that the importer has, or was deemed to have had, specific information that a declaration is incorrect. Failure to correct incorrect declarations may result in the assessment of an Administrative Monetary Penalty (AMP) and interest. For more information, refer to the Administration and enforcement section of this memorandum.

93. Corrections to declarations and requests for refunds are to be made on Form B2, Canada Customs Adjustment Request in the manner under the relevant provisions of the Customs Act, in accordance with the procedures outlined in Memorandum D11-6-6, “Reason to Believe” and Self-Adjustments to Declarations of Origin, Tariff Classification, and Value for Duty, Memorandum D6-2-3, Refund of Duties, and D17-2-1, The Coding, Submission and Processing of Form B2 Canada Customs Adjustment Request, at the links found in the References section of this memorandum.

94. Where an amount of vaping duty on commercial goods is to be refunded to the importer or is to be paid to the CBSA, the CBSA will issue a Form B2-1, Canada Customs – Detailed Adjustment Statement (DAS), which serves as a notice of refund or assessment, in response to an adjustment request, or in response to a review or re-determination initiated by the CBSA.

95. Drawback is available for customs duty and vaping duty when imported vaping products released from the CBSA are duty paid and are exported, or are sold to accredited representatives. A drawback claim, accompanied by waivers (since either the importer or exporter can claim but not both), can be filed with the CBSA. There can be no drawback of the amount equivalent to excise levied under the Customs Tariff when this amount has been paid under the Excise Act, 2001 (e.g. entered into an excise warehouse immediately after release from CBSA). For more information, refer to Memorandum D7-4-2, Duty Drawback Program, at the link found in the References section of this memorandum.

96. Where there is overpayment of vaping duty on casual goods that was paid to the CBSA, an importer may submit Form B2G, CBSA Informal Adjustment Request to the appropriate CBSA Casual Refund Centre to request refund of the amount overpaid. For more information, refer to Memorandum D6-2-6, Refund of Duties and Taxes on Non-commercial Importations, at the link found in the References section of this memorandum.

97. The CBSA may re-determine or further re-determine the origin, tariff classification or value for duty on its own initiative or in response to an adjustment request. In so doing, as with customs duties and taxes, the CBSA may assess any undeclared amount of vaping duty.

Review

98. Following a determination, Re-determination or further Re-determination of the origin, tariff classification or value for duty made by the CBSA, an importer may request a re-determination or further re-determination of origin, tariff classification, value for duty under the Customs Act. For more information, refer to Memorandum D11-6-7, Request under Section 60 of the Act for a Re-determination, a further Re-determination or a Review by the President of the Canada Border Services Agency, at the link found in the References section of this memorandum.

Keeping records

99. Every vaping product licensee and vaping prescribed person is required, under subsection 206(1) of the Excise Act, 2001, to maintain all records that are necessary to determine whether they are in compliance with that Act. This includes the amount of vaping products manufactured, received, used, packaged, sold and disposed of. Records must also support the information reported in respect of the possession and use of any vaping excise stamps issued.

100. Records must be kept for a period of at least six years from the end of the last year to which they relate.

101. For more information, refer to Excise Duty Memorandum EDM9-1-1, General Requirements for Books and Records, at the link found in the References section of this memorandum.

Administration and enforcement

102. The Customs Act legislative and administrative framework for importing and accounting including penalties, interest and enforcement action, will apply to vaping products until the time of release and to final accounting to the CBSA. After release from the CBSA, the provisions of the Excise Act, 2001 will apply as if the goods were domestic goods.

103. The Excise Act, 2001 provides penalties for different circumstances of non-compliance related to the vaping duty and the vaping stamping regime. For more information, refer to the Excise Act, 2001, at the link found in the References section of this memorandum.

104. Importations may be subject to examination at the time of importation and to post-release verification for compliance with the Origin, Tariff Classification, Value for duty, and Marking programs, and any other applicable programs or provisions administered by the CBSA. If non-compliance is encountered by the CBSA, in addition to assessments of any applicable duties and taxes, penalties may be imposed and interest will be assessed, where applicable.

105. For more information, refer to Memorandum D11-6-5, Interest and Penalty Provisions: Determinations/Re-determinations, Appraisals/Re-appraisals, and Duty Relief, Memorandum D22-1-1, Administrative Monetary Penalty System, and the Customs Act, at the links found in the References section of this memorandum.

Additional information

106. For more information, call contact the CBSA Border Information Service (BIS):

Calls within Canada & the United States (toll free): 1-800-461-9999
Calls outside Canada & the United States (long distance charges apply):
1-204-983-3550 or 1-506-636-5064
TTY: 1-866-335-3237

Contact Us online (web form)

Contact Us at the CBSA website

107. For more information on the use of the CARM Client Portal in terms of advance rulings, refer to the Onboarding documentation into the CARM Client Portal. If further assistance is required, contact the CARM Client Support Help Desk (CCSH) by completing the web form.

108. For more information on how to register with CRA, refer to How to register for a business number or Canada Revenue Agency program accounts.

109. For more information on the vaping excise duty framework, refer to Excise duty for vaping products - Canada.ca

Annex 1

HS Reference list: Goods that may be subject to the vaping duty and to the vaping excise stamp. For the most up to date classification numbers, refer to: Canadian customs tariff

Vaping products Tariff Classification
Vaping products that are vaping devices that contain vaping substances

2404.12.00.00 – disposable, with vaping substance included that contains no tobacco but contains nicotine

2404.19.00.00 – disposable, with vaping substance included that contains no tobacco and no nicotine

8543.40.00.10 – reusable, with vaping substance included that contains nicotine

8543.40.00.90 – reusable, with vaping substance included that contains no nicotine

Vaping products that are vaping substances in immediate containers

2404.12.00.00 – without tobacco but with nicotine

2404.19.00.00 – without tobacco or nicotine

Vaping products that are vaping substances not in any vaping device or immediate container

2404.12.00.00 – without tobacco but with nicotine

2404.19.00.00 – without tobacco or nicotine

Are not subject to the vaping excise duty framework Tariff Classification

Vaping substance that contains tobacco

Vaping substance that includes any cannabis

Vaping device without any vaping substance

2404.11.00.00 – containing tobacco

2404.19.00.00 – without tobacco or nicotine but containing any substances from cannabis

8543.40.00.90 – reusable, empty

Annex 2

Examples of calculation of amounts of customs duty, vaping duty and GST.

Example 1: Importation of commercial goods
A package containing 4 pods, with each pod containing 1.5 mL of vaping liquid
Value for duty (VFD) $40
Customs duty (such products are duty-free) $0

Vaping duty @

$1 per 2 millilitres (mL), or fraction thereof, for the first 10 mL of vaping substance

($1 X 4 pods of 1.5 mL each)

$4
Amounts payable—summary
Customs duties $0
Vaping duty $4
Sub-total (value for tax) $44
GST $2.20
Total amount of duties and taxes $6.20

Note: The vaping duty is calculated on the quantity of vaping liquid contained in each individual pod, not on the total volume contained in the package.

Example 2: Importation of commercial goods
A 30 grams bottle of vaping solid
Value for duty (VFD) $50
Customs duty (such products are duty-free) $0

Vaping duty @

$1 per 10 g, or fraction thereof for amounts over the first 10 g

($5 for the first 10 g plus $2 for the next 20 g)

$7
Amounts payable—summary
Customs duties $0
Vaping duty $7
Sub-total (value for tax) $57
GST $2.85
Total amount of duties and taxes $9.85

Annex 3

Transitional Provisions

Imposition and payment of vaping duty

Vaping duty is imposed under section 158.57 of the Excise Act, 2001 on vaping products that are imported into Canada on or after . The vaping duty on imported products is payable to the CBSA at the time of accounting.

If a packaged vaping product is imported into Canada before , and is already stamped at the time it is reported under the Customs Act, the duty is imposed and payable at the time of accounting and is paid to the CBSA.

Stamping requirements for vaping products

Packaged vaping products that are imported on or after for entry into the duty-paid market are required to be stamped.

Annex 4

Flow chart - Excise duty framework for the importation of vaping products

Excise Duty Framework Packaged Vaping Products
Excise duty framework packaged vaping products: Text version

Licensing Requirements

If the importer also manufactures vaping products in Canada:

  • Vaping Product Licence is required
  • Registration for the vaping stamping regime is required
  • Excise warehouse licence is also required if vaping product licensee imports vaping products in Canada for export or for sale to an accredited representative
  • Does an exception apply?

If the importer only imports (not manufacturing in Canada) packaged vaping products intended for the Canadian duty-paid market

  • Prescribed Vaping person Registration is required
  • Registration for the vaping stamping regime is required
  • Does an exception apply?

If the importer only imports vaping products for personal use in quantities that do not exceed the prescribed limit of 5 units:

  • Vaping Product Licence and Vaping Prescribed Person registration are not Required
  • Registration for the vaping stamping regime is not required
  • Vaping stamp is not required
  • Vaping duty is relieved (not payable on importation) (see Report and accounting)

If no exception applies

Vaping stamp is required prior to CBSA release

  • If unstamped and if no stamping exception applies, products may be exported, abandoned or entered a customs sufferance warehouse to be stamped
  • Vaping duty is payable at the time of accounting (see Report and accounting)

If an exception applies

Only unstamped and marked products imported by a vaping product licensee can enter:

  • in a customs bonded warehouse if for export or for sale to an accredited representative
  • in an excise warehouse if for export, for sale to an accredited representative or for transfer to another excise warehouse

If there are other exceptions:

  • Vaping stamp is not required
  • Vaping duty is relieved (not payable on importation) (see Report and accounting)
Excise Duty Framework Unpackaged Vaping products
Excise duty framework unpackaged vaping products: Text version

Licencing Requirement

  • Vaping Product Licence is required
  • Registration for the vaping stamping regime is required
  • Excise warehouse licence is also required if vaping product licensee imports vaping products in Canada for export or for sale to an accredited representative

Stamping Requirements

  • Vaping stamp is not required on unpackaged products imported for further manufacturing (it will be at the time products are packaged at the Licensee’s warehouse)
  • unpackaged goods cannot enter an excise warehouse; they must be packaged and marked

Vaping Duty

Vaping duty is relieved on importation. (see Report and accounting)

References

Issuing office:
Headquarters file:
Legislative references:
Other references:
Superseded Memorandum D:
N/A
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