Human trafficking is a serious crime that occurs when one party violates another’s rights by depriving them of their freedom of choice for the purpose of exploitation. Human trafficking can occur across and within borders.
Human trafficking involves the recruitment, transportation, or harbouring of individuals by the use of force or other forms of coercion and deception for the purpose of exploitation. The most common form is sex trafficking. Other examples of exploitation include forced labour, domestic servitude, and the removal of organs for trade.
Vulnerable groups that may be at-risk of human trafficking include Aboriginal women, youth and children, migrants, new immigrants, at-risk youth, runaways, and socially or economically disadvantaged persons.
Fighting human trafficking
The Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) fights human trafficking as part of its role in managing Canada’s borders and combatting cross-border crime.
- identifies instances of cross-border human trafficking;
- helps potential victims by referring them to appropriate government services; and
- supports the investigation and prosecution of human trafficking offenders.
Reporting suspicious cross-border activity
If you have information about suspicious cross-border activity, please contact the CBSA's Border Watch Toll-Free Line at 1-888-502-9060.
National Action Plan to Combat Human Trafficking
The Government of Canada launched the National Action Plan (NAP) to Combat Human Trafficking on June 6, 2012, which built on Canada’s responses and commitment to work together with partners to prevent and combat this disturbing crime. The NAP’s objectives are to prevent human trafficking, identify victims, protect the most vulnerable, and prosecute perpetrators.
The CBSA has been working with other federal partners in the implementation of the NAP, which includes Agency-specific commitments related to training, outreach, and intelligence activities. The CBSA is also part of a Royal Canadian Mounted Police-led integrated enforcement team dedicated to human trafficking.
Visit the Public Safety Canada website to view the National Action Plan to Combat Human Trafficking and the NAP 2012-2013 Annual Report on Progress.
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