Language selection


UDS 2022 UP3: Upholstered domestic furniture
Conclusion of normal value review


The Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) has today concluded a normal value review (review) to update all normal values and export prices applicable to certain upholstered domestic seating (UDS) from China by Gu Jia Intelligent Household Jiaxing Co., Ltd. (Gu Jia Jiaxing).

The review follows a request for re-determination filed by an importer and is part of the CBSA’s enforcement of the Canadian International Trade Tribunal’s (CITT) order issued on , respecting the dumping and subsidizing of UDS from China and Vietnam in accordance with the Special Import Measures Act (SIMA).

The product definition and the applicable tariff classification numbers of the goods subject to the CITT’s order are contained in Appendix 1 (subject goods).

Period of investigation

For this review, the period of investigation (POI) and the profitability analysis period (PAP) were from to .

Normal value review process

At the initiation of this review, on , the CBSA sent requests for information (RFIs) to Gu Jia Jiaxing and the importer in order to solicit information for purposes of re-determining normal values and export prices applicable to the goods subject to the request for re-determination filed by the importer.

Responses to the CBSA’s RFIs and supplemental RFIs were received from Gu Jia Jiaxing.

As part of the review, counsel on behalf of Palliser Furniture Ltd. (Palliser), a Canadian producer, submitted comments on the submissions filed by Gu Jia Jiaxing. The issues raised in the commentsFootnote 1 submitted on behalf of Palliser concerned issues with costing, the retroactive application of normal values, and sectional subjectivity of goods exported by Gu Jia Jiaxing.

Counsel on behalf of Gu Jia Jiaxing submitted reply comments in response to the comments filed by counsel on behalf of PalliserFootnote 2.


Palliser argued that the CBSA should review all of Gu Jia Jiaxing’s costs and decline to provide the exporter with normal values for which costs are unreliable. Palliser argued that should the CBSA decide to use Gu Jia Jiaxing’s costs in the determination of normal values, the CBSA should use Gu Jia Jiaxing’s highest costs for each product.

Palliser argued that the CBSA should determine normal values on the basis of full sectionals, and not for sectional components. Palliser argued that Gu Jia Jiaxing failed to provide sufficient information for CBSA to assess whether goods are subject.

Palliser argued that the CBSA should apply normal values retroactively.

Gu Jia Jiaxing provided arguments in reply to the arguments submitted by Palliser.

CBSA response

The CBSA reviewed all costs provided by Gu Jia Jiaxing and adjustments were made when necessary.

The CBSA took the complainant’s comments about the sectional components into consideration and determined normal values for all goods subject to the CITT’s finding.

The CBSA conducted an analysis of subject imports from Gu Jia Jiaxing during the POI, to determine whether a retroactive assessment was warranted. The analysis relied on information provided in the RFI and SRFI responses received. The analysis was focused on determining if export selling prices rose adequately in response to the rising costs of UDS. The CBSA looked at the period from to , which was the period from the CITT’s finding to the end of the POI.

The CBSA compared costs and export prices from the beginning to the end of this period and found that they increased by roughly the same amount, with a few minor exceptions. As a result, retroactive assessments do not appear to be warranted at this time.

Normal values for future shipments

Gu Jia Jiaxing is a producer and exporter of subject goods, located in Zhejiang, China. Gu Jia Jiaxing is associated with a trading company involved in the sales of subject goods, located in Hong Kong.

During the course of the review, Gu Jia Jiaxing provided responses to the CBSA’s Dumping RFI as well as four Supplemental RFIs (SRFIs).

Gu Jia Jiaxing provided a database of domestic sales of UDS during the POI. However, normal values could not be determined in accordance with section 15 of SIMA as there were not such a number of sales of like goods that complied with all the terms and conditions referred to in sections 15 and 16 of SIMA as to permit a proper comparison with the sales of the goods to the importer in Canada.

Gu Jia Jiaxing provided sufficient cost of production and administrative, selling and all other costs to determine normal values pursuant to paragraph 19(b) of SIMA. However, the CBSA was unable to determine an amount for profits under paragraph 11(1)(b) of the Special Import Measures Regulations (SIMR).

As such, normal values were determined pursuant to section 29 of SIMA using a method similar to that of paragraph 19(b), based on the aggregate of adjusted production cost of the goods, a reasonable amount for administrative, selling and all other costs, and a reasonable amount for profits determined by ministerial specification. These specific normal values for future shipments are effective today, .

For the subject goods exported by Gu Jia Jiaxing to Canada, export prices are determined in accordance with section 24 of SIMA.

The normal values and export prices determined as a result of this review may be applied to any requests for re-determination of importations of subject goods that have not been processed prior to the conclusion of this review, regardless of the date that the requests were received. The normal values and export prices determined as a result of this review may be applied retroactively where the conditions described below are met.

Exporter responsibility

Please note that exporters with normal values are required to promptly inform the CBSA in writing of changes to domestic prices, costs, market conditions or terms of sale associated with the production and sales of the goods. If there are changes to the exporter’s domestic prices, costs, market conditions or terms of sale associated with the production and sales of the goods, and where the CBSA considers such changes to be significant, the normal values and export prices will be updated to reflect current conditions. All parties are cautioned that where there are increases in domestic prices, and/or costs as noted above, the export price should be increased accordingly to ensure that any sale made to Canada is not only above the normal value but at or above selling prices and full costs and profit of the goods in the exporter’s domestic market. If exporters do not properly notify the CBSA of any such changes, do not adjust export prices accordingly, or do not provide the information required to make any necessary adjustments to normal values and export prices, retroactive assessments will be applied where such action is warranted.

Importer responsibility

Importers are reminded that it is their responsibility to calculate and declare their anti-dumping duty liability. If importers are using the services of a customs broker to clear importations, the brokerage firm should be advised that the goods are subject to SIMA measures and be provided with sufficient information necessary to clear the shipments. To determine their anti-dumping liability, importers should contact the exporter(s) to obtain the applicable normal values. For further information on this matter, please refer to Memorandum D14-1-2, Disclosure of normal values, export prices, and amounts of subsidy established under the Special Import Measures Act.

The Customs Act (Act) applies, with any modifications that the circumstances require, with respect to the accounting and payment of anti-dumping duties. As such, failure to pay the duties within the prescribed time will result in the application of the interest provisions of the Act.

Should the importer disagree with the determination made on any importation of goods, a request for re-determination may be filed. For more information on how to file a request for re-determination, please refer to the Guide for appealing a duty assessment.

Contact us

SIMA Registry and Disclosure Unit
Trade and Anti-dumping Programs Directorate
Canada Border Services Agency
11-100 Metcalfe St
Ottawa ON  K1A 0L8

  • Telephone:
  • Stephen Chung: 416-200-9640


Appendix 1: product definition

Subject goods definition

“Upholstered seating for domestic purposes originating in or exported from the People’s Republic of China and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, whether motion (including reclining, swivel and other motion features) or stationary, whether upholstered with a covering of leather (either full or partial), fabric (including leather-substitutes) or both, including, but not limited to seating such as sofas, chairs, loveseats, sofa-beds, day-beds, futons, ottomans, stools and home-theatre seating.


  1. Stationary (i.e. non-motion) seating upholstered only with fabric (rather than leather), even if the fabric is a leather-substitute (such as leather-like or leather-look polyurethane or vinyl)
  2. dining table chairs or benches (with or without arms) that are manufactured for dining room end-use, which are commonly paired with dining table sets
  3. upholstered stools with a seating height greater than 24 inches (commonly referred to as “bar stools” or “counter stools”), with or without backs, and/or foldable
  4. seating manufactured for outdoor use (e.g. patio or swing chairs)
  5. bean bag seating and
  6. foldable or stackable seating

For greater certainty, the product definition includes:

  1. Upholstered motion seating with reclining, swivel, rocking, zero-gravity, gliding, adjustable headrest, massage functions or similar functions
  2. seating with frames constructed from metal, wood or both
  3. seating produced as sectional items or parts of sectional items
  4. seating with or without arms, whether part of sectional items or not and
  5. foot rests and foot stools (with or without storage)”

On September 2, 2021, the Canadian International Trade Tribunal excluded the following products from its finding:

  1. Specialized reclining massage chairs, not intended to be used for general seating purposes, with padded seat, headrest, back, and footrest, and containing built-in motorized mechanical components that operate by way of computerized controls to provide a full body massage for a single person, including to the head and/or neck, shoulders, back, buttocks, arms, and legs and/or feet
  2. Medical lift chairs containing electric motion mechanisms and motorized positioning controls, designed to carefully lift, lower and tilt (by raising or lowering the base and back of the seating) the occupant, and otherwise adjust the occupant’s seating position by adjusting one or more of the headrest, footrest, and seat; designed, manufactured, and tested to meet or exceed the requirements of Health Canada’s Medical Devices Regulations (SOR/98-282) applicable thereto and conforming with the following, or equivalent, standards and testing methodologies: EN12182, ANSI/AAMI/ISO10993, ANSI/AAMI/ES60601-1, CAL117, BSEN1021, ISO8191, ANSI/AAMI/ES60601-1-2, ISO14971
  3. Height-adjustable ergonomic gaming chairs for use with a desk and intended to be used primarily while playing video games, upholstered in leather or a leather-substitute, with armrests, headrests, lumbar support pillows, five-star swivel bases, and wheels or castors

Tariff classification numbers

The importation of the subject goods are usually classified under the following tariff classification numbers:

  1. 9401.41.00.00
  2. 9401.49.00.00
  3. 9401.61.10.10
  4. 9401.61.10.90
  5. 9401.71.10.10
  6. 9401.71.10.90

This listing of tariff classification numbers is for convenience of reference only. Refer to the product definition for authoritative details regarding the subject goods.

Date modified: