What to expect at the border

Upcoming border changes

Fully vaccinated foreign nationals may be allowed to enter Canada for discretionary travel on the following dates if they meet specific criteria:

  • Effective : American citizens and permanent residents of the United States, who currently reside in the United States, who meet specific criteria to qualify as fully vaccinated
  • (intended start date): All other foreign nationals who qualify as fully vaccinated

The 3-night hotel stopover requirement will be eliminated for all travellers arriving by air after 12:01 am ET on .

COVID-19: Latest update

Visit Current border measures and requirements for information about how COVID-19 is affecting travellers, border services, programs and business.

Help keep African swine fever out of Canada

Preventing the spread of African swine fever is everyone’s responsibility. If you plan to travel to a country impacted with African swine fever, you may unknowingly be spreading this pig disease to Canada. Avoid this by always declaring farm visits, contact with pigs, and any food, plants and animal products when entering the country or face a monetary penalty up to $1,300 CAD.
Learn more about African swine fever and how to protect Canadian pigs.

Temporary border restrictions on entry into Canada continue. All travellers arriving in Canada are obligated to present themselves to a border services officer, respond truthfully to all questions and accurately report their goods.

We remind travellers to have all identification and travel documentation ready.

Arriving by air

If you are returning to Canada by air, follow the COVID-19: Entering Canada requirements checklist.

More information

Arriving by land

If you are returning to Canada by land, follow the COVID-19: Entering Canada requirements checklist.

More information

Arriving by private boat

Entry to Canada of foreign boaters for discretionary purposes remains prohibited. Persons exempt from the prohibition of entry may still enter Canada. Upon arrival by private boat, proceed directly to a designated marine telephone reporting site and call the Telephone Reporting Center (TRC) at 1-888-226-7277 in order to obtain CBSA clearance. For more information on reporting to the CBSA and border clearance, consult our fact sheet.

CBSA Declaration Card

The CBSA Declaration Card tells us what we need to know about you, your travels and what you're bringing into the country. CBSA Declaration Cards are distributed to passengers arriving by air, and are also used at some locations for travellers arriving by train, boat or bus. Bringing a pen in your carry-on baggage will help you complete it, as required, prior to arrival.

Instructions on how to complete the card are attached for your assistance. You can list up to four people living at the same residence on one card. Once the card is completed, detach and discard the instructions. Please do not fold the card, as this allows us to serve you more quickly.

Be sure to keep the card handy along with your identification and other travel documents. You will be asked to show this card to our border services officers several times.

If you have any questions about the card or Canadian regulations, please ask the border services officer when you arrive.

Primary inspection kiosks

If you arrive at one of Canada's busiest international airports, you can now verify your identity and make an on-screen declaration using primary inspection kiosks. Download our eDeclaration mobile app to save even more time when you arrive by air in Canada.

Examination of digital devices

When making a declaration at a point of entry, you may be referred to a secondary inspection by a border services officer. This is part of the normal cross-border travel process.

During secondary inspection, an officer may verify your documentation, make further enquiries about your visit to Canada, or examine your goods such as luggage and digital devices.

Under Canada's Customs Act, digital devices (including laptops, cell phones and tablets) are considered goods and subject to an examination.

For more information on your privacy rights and obligations, consult Examining digital devices at the Canadian border.

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