An error in the 2016-2017 number of Admissions to a non-CBSA facility was identified and corrected (). As a result, the number and percentages were adjusted in both the table and the analysis (4th bullet).
|Fiscal Year||# of entries by foreign nationals to Canada||# of persons detainedFootnote1||Detainees as a % of entries by foreign nationals to Canada||Total # of detention daysFootnote2||Average length of detention (days)||# of detentions in a CBSA facility (IHC)Footnote3||# of detentions in a non-CBSA facilityFootnote3||# of long- term detainees (90+ days)Footnote4|
|Fiscal Year||Atlantic Provinces||Prairies Provinces||B.C. & Yukon||Quebec||Ontario|
- In FY 2016-2017 the total number of persons detained dropped 5.2% from the previous year. Over the past five years, the total number of persons detained dropped 28.5% despite a 23.6% increase in the number of entries by foreign nationals to Canada.
- The number of persons in detention for longer than 90 days has dropped by 29.5% in FY 2016-2017 from the previous year, and by 35.3% since FY 2012-2013.
- In FY 2016-2017, detainees spent a total of 131,617 days in detention, representing a 20.5% decrease over the previous fiscal year.
- In FY 2016-2017 the majority (61.5%) of detainee admissions were to a CBSA immigration holding centre (IHC) in Toronto, Laval or Vancouver. Over the last five years the percentage of detainees admitted to an IHC has remained fairly consistent, fluctuating between 60-64%. A minority (38.5%) of detainees were admitted to a provincial correctional facility with percentages over the past five years ranging between 32-40%. It should be noted that 262 fewer detainees were admitted to provincial correctional facilities in FY 2016-2017 (2,647) than during FY 2015-2016 (2,909), representing a decrease of 10%.
- The average length of detention in FY 2016-2017 was 19.5 days as opposed to 23.1 and 24.5 days in FY 2015-2016 and FY 2014-2015 respectively, representing a 20.4% decrease in the average length over the last three years.
- The number of detentions by region are mostly on the decline (Ontario, Quebec and Prairies) or generally consistent (Atlantic Provinces). The exception being B.C. and Yukon region which has seen a 7.7% increase over FY 2012-2013 figures, but a 21.3% increase over the last year. Ontario alone has seen a 41% drop in the number of detentions over the past five years and Quebec and Prairies a 19.1% and 21.8% drop respectively.
|Fiscal Year||Minors accompanied by parent/guardian||Unaccompanied minors||Average length of time in a facility (days)||Total # minors in a facility|
- In FY 2016-2017, a total of 162 minors were detained or housed with parents or guardians in an IHC. This represents a 19.4% decrease over the previous year (FY 2015-2016) and a 30.2% decrease since FY 2014-2015.
- The number of accompanied minors in an IHC has decreased by 16.6% over FY 2015-2016 and by 31.4% since FY 2014-2015. The number of unaccompanied minors has fluctuated over the last three years; however, in FY 2016-2017 the number of detentions for unaccompanied minors dropped 45% over the previous year.
- The average length of time a minor spends in a facility fell by 7% in the last year and by 18.1% since 2014-2015.
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