Entry/Exit Fact Sheet Phase II

Perimeter security and economic competitiveness

What is Entry/Exit?

Under the Beyond the Border Action Plan, Canada and the United States (U.S.) committed to establishing a coordinated entry and exit system at the common land border so that the record of a traveller's entry into one country can be used to establish the traveller's exit from the other.

A fully phased-in Entry/Exit system will help strengthen the integrity of Canada's border and immigration programs by closing the loop on an individual's travel history and will enable the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA), for the first time, to have information on who has left the country in addition to the currently available information on those entering.

The Entry/Exit Initiative will also enhance national security and support law enforcement. This kind of information sharing will allow both countries to have information to assist each other in locating people involved in organized crime, terrorism and other crimes.

About Phase II

Phase II builds on the success of Phase I, that confirmed the ability of Canada and the U.S. to exchange biographic entry data as a means to establish an exit from the other country.

As part of Phase II, both countries will exchange biographic entry data collected on third-country nationals (those who are neither citizens of Canada nor of the U.S.), permanent residents of Canada who are not U.S. citizens, and lawful permanent residents of the U.S. who are not Canadian citizens, at all automated land border ports of entry (land, ferry and pedestrian), including all major land border crossings.  In Phase I, this exchange of information was limited to four land ports of entry located in British Columbia/Washington State and in Ontario/New York.

This is an important next step as Phase II will allow the CBSA to:

  • identify persons subject to a removal or departure order who may have departed the country, which will facilitate immigration enforcement actions and investigations;
  • enhance the travel history to assist in determining whether individuals continue to meet permanent residency obligations and/or meet eligibility requirements to apply for citizenship.

Information exchange for Phase II

The data exchanged under Phase II on third-country nationals, permanent residents of Canada who are not U.S. citizens, and lawful permanent residents of the U.S. who are not Canadian citizens, will include biographic traveller information that is already collected, as well as the date/time of entry and the port through which the individual has entered.

There will be no information shared on Canadian or U.S. citizens for Phase II.

The biographic entry data elements being shared for Phase II are: first name, last name, middle name, date of birth, nationality, gender, document type, document number, and document country of issuance.

Privacy Safeguards

The CBSA, along with its U.S. counterparts (Department of Homeland Security and Customs and Border Protection), takes the protection of people's privacy very seriously and is building privacy protections into the core of its Entry/Exit initiative.

  • Entry/Exit information sharing will be consistent with Canada's privacy laws and policies, as well as with the Beyond the Border Action Plan Joint Statement of Privacy Principles and the Annex to the Statement of Mutual Understanding on Information Sharing which sets out the parameters for information sharing under Phase II.
  • The Annex, agreed to by the CBSA, Citizenship and Immigration Canada and DHS, to the Statement of Mutual Understanding on Information Sharing sets out the parameters for sharing biographic entry data collected and exchanged under Phase II.
  • Privacy impact assessments (PIAs) are being conducted before each new phase of the Entry/Exit initiative begins. These assessments ensure that the CBSA thoroughly evaluates and addresses privacy considerations before moving to the next phase. Executive summaries of completed PIAs, including Phase II, are available on the CBSA's Web site.
  • Signage is being made available at the CBSA's automated land ports of entry to notify affected travellers (non-Canadian and non-American citizens) that their personal information is being shared with the U.S., as well as to outline the purposes for which this information sharing is taking place.

Next Steps

Both countries intend to prepare a joint report on Phase II, based on mutually decided-upon performance and management measures such as:

  • Reconciliation rates between the entry and exit records obtained by each country;
  • Number of entry and exit records indicating an exit from either country; and
  • Number of persons subject to a removal order, and who can be identified as having departed from either country.

Definitions

Third-country national
A third-country national is a person who is not a citizen of Canada or a citizen or national of the United States under their respective laws.
Permanent Resident of Canada
A permanent resident of Canada is a person who has acquired permanent resident status and has not subsequently lost that status under the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act.
Lawful Permanent Resident of the United States
A Lawful Permanent Resident of the United States is a person who has been lawfully admitted for permanent residence, as defined in section 101(a)(20) of the U.S. Immigration and Nationality Act (INA), as amended.
Automated common land border port of entry
An automated common land border port of entry means a port of entry on the shared Canada-U.S. land border with a primary processing capacity to capture traveller (land, ferry and pedestrian) passage as an electronic record. This does not include large cruise vessels deemed to be undertaking sea crossings under the laws of Canada and the United States.