In the wake of the terrorist attacks in the United States on September 11, 2001, Canadian and U.S. government departments and agencies have worked in partnership to improve security and services on the shared border through the Smart Border Declaration.
A collaborative 32-point Action Plan for identifying and addressing security risks while expediting the legitimate flow of people and goods across our border was created as a blueprint for the declaration.
The four pillars of the Action Plan are:
This Agreement was a key deliverable under the Canada-U.S. Smart Border Action Plan.
The Government of Canada is working collaboratively with the U.S. government to develop document requirements and a strategy for implementing the Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative (WHTI). The initiative will require all travellers to present a passport or other appropriate secure document when entering or re-entering the United States.
Integrated Border Enforcement Teams
These teams combine the intelligence and law enforcement expertise of various agencies and use a coordinated approach to identify and stop the high-risk movement of people and goods between the ports of entry on the Canada-U.S. border.
Removal of deportees
Canada and the United States work together to remove high-risk individuals.